Physical Education

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J.Jang, H-R.Pink, M. A. (2024) Autonomy-supportive teaching leads to autonomy-supportive parenting: A teacher-to-parent relationship spillover effect. Teaching and Teacher Education, 144 ,104548

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J.Marsh, H. W. (2023) Autonomy-supportive teaching enhances prosocial and reduces antisocial behavior via classroom climate and psychological needs: A multilevel randomized control intervention. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 45(1) ,26-40

Behzadnia, B.Mollaei Zangi, F.Rezaei, F.Eskandarnejad, M. (2023) Predicting students’ basic psychological needs, motivation, and well-being in online physical education: A semester-term longitudinal study. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Advance online publication

Burgueño, R.Abós, Á.Sevil-Serrano, J., Haerens, L. (2023) A circumplex approach to (de)motivating styles in physical education: Situations-In-School–Physical Education Questionnaire in spanish students, pre-service, and in-service teachers. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science,

Noetel, M.Parker, P.Dicke, T.Beauchamp, M. R. (2023) Prediction Versus Explanation in Educational Psychology: a Cross‐Theoretical Approach to Using Teacher Behaviour to Predict Student Engagement in Physical Education. Educational Psychology Review, 35 ,73

Behzadnia, B.Rezaei, F.Salehi, M. (2022) A need-supportive teaching approach among students with intellectual disability in physical education. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 60 ,102156

Leo, F., Behzadnia, B.Lopez-Gajardo, M. A.Batista, M. (2022) What kind of interpersonal need-supportive or need-thwarting teaching style is more associated with positive consequences in physical education?. , Journal of Teaching in Physical Education , Advance Online doi: 10.1123/jtpe.2022-0040

Behzadnia, B.FatahModares, S. (2022) A self-support approach to satisfy basic psychological needs during difficult situations. Motivation & Emotion, ,1-24

White, R. L.Bennie, A.Vasconcellos, D.Cinelli, R. (2021) Self-determination theory in physical education: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Teaching and Teacher Education, 99 ,103247

Burel, N.Tessier, D., Langdon, J. L. (2021) Are teachers’ subjective feelings linked with need-supportive and need-thwarting motivating styles? A cross-lagged study in Physical Education. European Journal of Physical Education, 36 ,1221-1241

Escriva-Boulley, G., Haerens, L.Tessier, D.Sarrazin, P. (2021) Antecedents of primary school teachers’ need-supportive and need-thwarting styles in physical education. European Physical Education Review, 27(4) ,961-980

Escriva-Boulley, G.Guillet-Descas, E.Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M. (2021) Adopting the Situation in School Questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 ,7342

Vasconcellos, D.Parker, P.Hilland, T.Cinelli, R. (2020) Self-determination theory applied to physical education: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 112, No. 7 ,1444-1469

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J., Vansteenkiste, M. (2020) When teachers learn how to provide classroom structure in an autonomy-supportive way: Benefits to teachers and their students. , Teaching and Teacher Education , 90 (pp. 103004) doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2019.103004

Barkoukis, V., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S. (2020) Effects of a school-based intervention on motivation for out-of-school physical activity participation. , Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport , Advance online publication doi: 10.1080/02701367.2020.1751029

Gorozidis, G. S.Tzioumakis, Y. S.Krommidas, C.Papaioannou, A. G. (2020) Facebook group PETCoN (Physical Education Teacher Collaborative Network). An innovative approach to PE teacher in-service training: A self-determination theory perspective. , 96 doi: 103184

Chu, T. L.Zhang, T.Zhang, X.Thomas, K. T. (2020) School environments predict Hispanic children’s physical education related outcomes through basic psychological need satisfaction. Learning and Individual Differences, 80 ,101844

Boiché, J.Escalera, M. Y., Chanal, J. (2020) Students physical activity assessed by accelerometers and motivation for physical activity during class: Should we consider lessons as a whole or only active periods?. PlosOne, ,e0229046

García-González, L.Sevil-Serrano, J.Abós, A.Aelterman, N. (2019) The role of task and ego-oriented climate in explaining students’ bright and dark motivational experiences in Physical Education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 24(4) ,344-358

Li, C.Hwa Kee, Y.Kong, L. C.Zou, L. (2019) Autonomy-supportive teaching and basic psychological need satisfaction among school students: The role of mindfulness. MDPI Journal of Environmenal Research and Public Health, 16

Chu, T. L.Zhang, T.Cheung, H. Y. (2019) The roles of need-supportive social environments in university physical education courses. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(3) ,212-231

Chu, T. L.Zhang, T.Thomas, K. T.Zhang, X. (2019) Predictive strengths of basic psychological needs in physical education among Hispanic children: A gender-based approach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38 ,233-240

Lonsdale, C.Lester, A.Owen, K. B.White, R. L. (2019) An internet-supported school physical activity intervention in low socioeconomic status communities: results from the Activity and Motivation in Physical Education (AMPED) cluster randomised controlled trial. , British Journal of Sports Medicine , 53(6) (pp. 341-347) doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097904

Langdon, J. L.Webster, C. A.Monsma, E. V.Harris, B. S. (2019) A content analysis of teacher autonomy support during a high school volleyball unit. The Physical Educator, 76 ,385-409

Behzadnia, B.Mohammadzadeh, H.Ahmadi, M. (2019) Autonomy-supportive behaviors promote autonomous motivation, knowledge structures, motor skills learning and performance in physical education. Current Psychology, 38(6) ,1692-1705

Garn, A. C.Morin, A. J. S., Lonsdale, C. (2019) Basic psychological need satisfaction toward learning: A longitudinal test of mediation using bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling. Journal of Educational Psychology, 111(2) ,354-372

Chanal, J.Cheval, B.Courvoisier, D. S.Paumier, D. (2019) Developmental relations between motivation types and physical activity in elementary school children. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 43 ,233-242

Cuevas, R., Ntoumanis, N.Fernandez-Bustos, J. G.Bartholomew, K. (2018) Does teacher evaluation based on student performance predict motivation, well-being, and ill-being?. Journal of School Psychology, 68 ,154-162

Behzadnia, B., Adachi, P. J. C., Deci, E. L.Mohammadzadeh, H. (2018) Associations between students’ perceptions of physical education teachers’ interpersonal styles and students’ wellness, knowledge, performance, and intentions to persist at physical activity: A self-determination theory approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 39 ,10-19

Ha, A., Lonsdale, C., Lubans, D. R., Ng, J. Y. Y. (2018) Increasing students’ physical activity during school physical education: Rationale and protocol for the SELF-FIT cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 18(11)

Kerner, C.Kirk, D.De Meester, A., Haerens, L. (2018) Why is physical education more stimulating for pupils who are more satisfied with their own body?. Health Education Journal, 78(3) ,1-15

Haerens, L., Vansteenkiste, M.De Meester, A.Delrue, J. (2018) Different combinations of perceived autonomy support and control: identifying the most optimal motivating style. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 23(1) ,16-36

Haerens, L.Krijgsman, C.Mouratidis, A.Borghouts, L. (2018) How does knowledge about the criteria for an upcoming test relate to adolescents’ situational motivation in physical education? A self-determination theory approach. European Physical Education Review, 20(10) ,1-19

Kerner, C., Haerens, L.Kirk, D. (2018) Body Dissatisfaction, Perceptions of Competence, and Lesson Content in Physical Education. Journal of School Health, 88(8) ,576-582

Chu, T. L.Zhang, T. (2018) Motivational processes in Sport Education programs among high school students: A systematic review. European Physical Education Review, 24(3) ,372-394

Escriva-Boulley, G.Tessier, D., Ntoumanis, N. (2018) Need-supportive professional development in elementary school physical education: Effects of a cluster-randomized control trial on teachers’ motivating style and student physical activity. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 7(2) ,218-234

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J., Ntoumanis, N. (2018) A needs-supportive intervention to help PE teachers enhance students’ prosocial behavior and diminish antisocial behavior. , Psychology of Sport & Exercise , 35 (pp. 74-88) doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.11.010

Sebire, S.Jago, R.Banfield, K.Edwards, M. J. (2018) Results of a feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial of a peer-led school-based intervention to increase the physical activity of adolescent girls (PLAN-A). , International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 15(50) doi: 10.1186/s12966-018-0682-4

Langdon, J. L.Wittenberg, M. (2018) Need supportive instructor training: perspectives from graduate teaching assistants in a college/ university physical activity program. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 24 ,16-30

Behzadnia, B., Ryan, R. M. (2018) Eudaimonic and hedonic orientations in physical education and their relations with motivation and wellness. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 49(5) ,363-385

Lubans, D. R.Beauchamp, M. R.Diallo, T. M. O.Peralta, L. R. (2018) School Physical Activity Intervention Effect on Adolescents’ Performance in Mathematics. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50(12) ,2442-2450

Bechter, B.Dimmock, J. A., Howard, J. L.Whipp, P. R. (2018) Student motivation in high school physical education: A latent profile approach. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 40(4) ,206-216

Lubans, D. R., Lonsdale, C.Cohen, K.Eather, N. (2017) Framework for the design and delivery of organized physical activity sessions for children and adolescents: Rationale and description of the ‘SAAFE’ teaching principles. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14

Ha, A. S., Lonsdale, C., Ng, J. Y. Y., Lubans, D. R. (2017) A school-based rope skipping program for adolescents: Results of a randomized trial. , Preventive Medicine , 101 (pp. 188-194) doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.06.001

Curran, T., Standage, M. (2017) Psychological needs and the quality of student engagement in physical education: Teachers as key facilitators. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36(3) ,262-276

Borghouts, L.B.Slingerland, M., Haerens, L. (2017) Assessment quality and practices in secondary PE in the Netherlands. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 22(5) ,473-489

De Meester, A.Cardon, G.M.De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Haerens, L. (2017) Extracurricular School-Based Sports as a Stepping Stone Towards an Active Lifestyle? Differences in Physical Activity and Sports-Motivation Between Extracurricular School-Based Sports Participants and Non-Participants. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36(4) ,485-497

Krijgsman, C., Vansteenkiste, M.van Tartwijk, J.Maes, J. (2017) Performance grading and motivational functioning and fear in physical education: A self-determination theory perspective. Learning and Individual Differences, 55 ,202-211

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2017) In R. M. Ryan, & E. L. Deci., Sport, physical activity, and physical education. (pp. 481-507) New York, NY: Guilford.

Langdon, J. L.Schlote, R.Melton, B.Tessier, D. (2017) Effectiveness of a need supportive teaching training program on the developmental change process of graduate teaching assistants’ created motivational climate. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 28 ,11-23

Curran, T.Hill, A. P., Ntoumanis, N.Hall, H. K. (2016) A three-wave longitudinal test of self-determination theory’s mediation model of engagement and disaffection in youth sport. Human Kinetics, Inc Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38 ,15-29

Mahoney, J. W., Ntoumanis, N.Gucciardi, D. F.Mallett, C. J. (2016) Implementing an autonomy-supportive intervention to develop mental toughness in adolescent rowers. , Journal of Applied Sport Psychology , 28 (pp. 199-215) Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2015.1101030

Rouse, P. C., Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N.Jolly, K. (2016) The development and validation of the Interpersonal Support in Physical Activity Consultations Observational Tool. Taylor & Francis Group European Journal of Sport Science, 16 ,106-114

Thogersen-Ntoumani, C.Shephard, S. O., Ntoumanis, N.Wagenmakers, A. J. M. (2016) Intrinsic motivation in two exercise interventions: Associations with fitness and body composition. , Health Psychology , 35 (pp. 195-198) APA. doi: 10.1037/hea0000260

Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M.Van Keer, H., Haerens, L. (2016) Changing teachers’ beliefs regarding autonomy support and structure: The role of experienced psychological need satisfaction in teacher training. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23 ,64-72

Ulstad, S. O., Halvari, H.Sørebø, Ø., Deci, E. L. (2016) Motivation, learning strategies, and performance in physical education at secondary school. Advances in Physical Education, 6(1) ,27-41

Wang, C. K. J.Morin, A. J. S., Ryan, R. M., Liu, W. C. (2016) Students’ motivational profiles in the physical education context. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38(6) ,612-630

González-Cutre, D.Sicilia, A.Sierra, A. C.Ferriz, R. (2016) Understanding the need for novelty from the perspective of self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 102 ,159-169

Lubans, D. R.Smith, J. J.Peralta, L. R.Plotnikoff, R. C (2016) A school-based intervention incorporating smartphone technology to improve health-related fitness among adolescents: rationale and study protocol for the NEAT and ATLAS 2.0 cluster randomised controlled trial and dissemination study. , BMJ Open , 6(6) (pp. e010448) doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010448

Bennie, A.Peralta, L. R.Gibbons, S., Lubans, D. R. (2016) Physical education teachers’ perceptions about the effectiveness and acceptability of strategies used to increase relevance and choice for students in physical education classes. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 45(3) ,302-319

Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Haerens, L. (2016) A dimensional and person-centered perspective on controlled reasons for non-participation in physical education. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23 ,142-154

De Meyer, J., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M.Aelterman, N. (2016) Do students with different motives for physical education respond differently to autonomy-supportive and controlling teaching?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22 ,72-82

De Meyer, J., Soenens, B.Aelterman, N.De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2016) The different faces of controlling teaching: implications of a distinction between externally and internally controlling teaching for students’ motivation in physical education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 21(6) ,632-652

Slingerland, M.Borghouts, L.Jans, L.Weeldenburg, G. (2016) Development and optimisation of an in-service teacher training programme on motivational assessment in physical education. European Physical Education Review, 23(1) ,1-19

Haerens, L.Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M.Soenens, B. (2015) Do perceived autonomy-supportive and controlling teaching relate to physical education students’ motivational experience through unique pathways? Distinguishing between the bright and dark side of motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16 ,26-36

Cuevas, R.Sanchez-Oliva, D.Bartholomew, K. J., Ntoumanis, N. (2015) Adaptation and validation of the Psychological Need Thwarting Scale in Spanish Physical Education Teachers. Cambridge University Press Spanish Journal of Psychology, 18 ,1-9

Hancox, J.Quested, E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Ntoumanis, N. (2015) An intervention to train group exercise class instructors to adopt a motivationally adaptive communication style: a quasi-experimental study protocol. , Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine , 3 (pp. 190-203) Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. doi: 10.1080/21642850.2015.1074075

Yu, C.Van Zanten, J. V. J.Metsios, G. S.Kitas, G. D. (2015) Motivation-related predictors of physical activity engagement and vitality in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Health Psychology Open, 2(2) ,1-9

Legrain, P., Gillet, N.Gernigon, C.Lafrenière, M.-A. K. (2015) Integration of information and communication technology and pupils’ motivation in a physical education setting. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 34 ,384-401

Sparks, C.Dimmock, J.Whipp, P., Lonsdale, C. (2015) “Getting connected”: High school physical education teacher behaviors that facilitate students’ relatedness support perceptions. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 4(3) ,219-236

Hein, V.Koka, A., Hagger, M. S. (2015) Relationships between perceived teachers’ controlling behaviour, psychological need thwarting, anger and bullying behaviour in high-school students. Journal of Adolescence, 42 ,103-114

Haerens, L.Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B. (2015) Do perceived autonomy-supportive and controlling teaching relate to physical education students’ motivational experiences through unique pathways? Distinguishing between the bright and dark side of motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16 ,26-36

Shaw, D., Wilson, P. M.Mack, D.E. (2015) What motivates student trainees to become a physical education teacher?. Journal of Physical Education Research, 2(3) ,7-19

Jago, R.Edwards, M. J., Sebire, S.Tomkinson, K. (2015) Effect and cost of an after-school dance programme on the physical activity of 11–12 year old girls: The Bristol Girls Dance Project, a school-based cluster randomised controlled trial. , International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition , 12(128) doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0289-y

Jago, R., Sebire, S.Davies, B.Wood, L. (2015) Increasing children’s physical activity through a teaching-assistant led extracurricular intervention: Process evaluation of the action 3:30 randomised feasibility trial. , BMC Public Health , 15(156) (pp. 1-15) doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1501-3

Van de Berghe, L., Vansteenkiste, M.Cardon, G.Kirk, D. (2014) Research on self-determination in physical education: Key findings and proposals for future research. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 1 ,97-121

Leptokaridou, E.Vlachopoulos, S.Papaioannou, A. (2014) Experimental longitudinal test of the influence of autonomy-supportive teaching on motivation for participation in elementary school physical education. Educational Psychology, ,1-22

Ha, A., Lonsdale, C.Ng, J. Y., Lubans, D. R. (2014) A school-based rope skipping intervention for adolescents in Hong Kong: protocol of a matched-pair cluster randomized controlled trial. , BMC Public Health , 14 (pp. 535)

Sullivan, G.Taylor, I., Lonsdale, C. (2014) Burnout in high school athletic directors. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3) ,256-270

Bartholomew, K. J.Ntoumanis, N.Cuevas, R., Lonsdale, C. (2014) Job pressure and ill-health in physical education teachers: The mediating role of psychological need thwarting. Teaching & Teacher Education, 37 ,101-107

De Meyer, J.Tallir, I.B., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M. (2014) Does Observed Controlling Teaching Behavior Relate to Students’ Motivation in Physical Education?. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106(2) ,541-554

Langdon, J. L.Webster, C.Hall, T.Monsma, E. (2014) A self-determination theory perspective of student performance at the end of a volleyball unit in compulsory high school physical education. Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects, 11 ,5-16

Barkoukis, V.Taylor, I., Chanal, J., Ntoumanis, N. (2014) The relationship between student motivation and student grades in PE: A three-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 24(5) ,e406-e414

Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M.Van Keer, H.De Meyer, J. (2013) Development and evaluation of a training on need-supportive teaching in Physical Education: Qualitative and quantitative findings. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29 ,64-75

Van de Berghe, L.Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M.Aelterman, N. (2013) Observed need-supportive and need-thwarting teaching behavior in physical education: Do teachers’ motivational orientations matter?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(5) ,650-661

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J. (2013) Do the benefits from autonomy-supportive PE teacher training programs endure?: A one-year follow-up investigation. , Psychology of Sport and Exercise , 14(4) (pp. 508–518) doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.02.002

Haerens, L.Aelterman, N.Van den Berghe, L.De Meyer, J. (2013) Observing Physical Education Teachers’ Need-Supportive Interactions in Classroom Settings. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35(1) ,3-17

Gillison, F. B., Standage, M.Skevington, S. M. (2013) The effects of manipulating goal content and autonomy support climate on outcomes of a PE fitness class. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(3) ,342-352

Rosenkranz, R. R., Lubans, D. R.Peralta, L. R.Bennie, A. (2012) A cluster-randomized controlled trial of strategies to increase adolescents’ physical activity and motivation during physical education lessons: The Motivating Active Learning in Physical Education (MALP) Trial. BMC Public Health, 12(834) ,1-9

Ntoumanis, N. (2012) A self-determination theory perspective on motivation in sport and physical education: Current trends and possible future research directions. In G.C. Roberts and D. C. Treasure, Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3. , Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3 (pp. 91-128) Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Cheon, S. H., Reeve, J.Moon, I. S. (2012) Experimentally based, longitudinally designed, teacher-focused intervention to help physical education teachers be more autonomy supportive toward their students. , Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 34(3) (pp. 365-396) doi: 10.1123/jsep.34.3.365

Lonsdale, C.Taylor, I.Sabiston, C., Ntoumanis, N. (2011) Measuring student motivation for physical education: Examining the psychometric properties of the perceived locus of causality questionnaire and the situational motivation scale. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12 ,284-292

Johnson, T. G.Prusak, K. A.Pennington, T.Wilkinson, C. (2011) The Effects of the Type of Skill Test Choice and Gender on the Situational Motivation of Physical Education Students. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 30 ,281-295

Murcia, J. A. M.Panos, A. H.Coll, D. G. C. (2009) Completing the self-determination theory with social goals: A study about enjoyment of physical education. Revista Mexicana de Psicologia, 26 ,213-222

Wang, C. K. J., Hagger, M. S., Liu, W. C. (2009) A cross-cultural validation of perceived locus of causality scale in physical education context. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(2) ,313-325

Boiché, J. C.Sarrazin, P. G., Grouzet, F. M., Pelletier, L. G. (2008) Students motivational profiles in physical education and achievement outcomes: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100 ,688-701

Wang, C. K. J., Liu, W. C. (2008) In P. A. Towndrow, C. Koh, & H. S. Tan (Eds.), Promoting intrinsic motivation in physical education: The role of beliefs, goals and self-determination. , Motivation and practice for the classroom (pp. 129-142) Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Wang, C. K. J., Elliot, A. J. (2007) The 2×2 achievement goal framework in a physical education context. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 8 ,147-168

Sinelnikov, O. A.Hastie, P. A.Prusak, K. A. (2007) Situational Motivation During Seasons of Sport Education. ICHPER-SD Research Journal, 2 ,43-47

Sarrazin, P.Trouilloud, D.Tessier, D., Chanal, J. (2005) Attentes de motivation et comportements différenciés de l’enseignant d’Education Physique et Sportive à l’égard de ses élèves : une étude en contexte naturel d’enseignement. European Review of Applied Psychology (Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée), 55(2) ,111-120

Fernández, H.Vasconcelos-Raposo, J.Lázaro, J. P. (2004) Validación y Aplicación de Modelos Teóricos Motivacionales en el Contexto de la Educación Física. Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte, 4 ,Nums 1y 2

Prusak, K. A (2004) The Effects of Choice on the Motivation of Adolescent Girls in Physical Education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23 ,19-29

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S.Biddle, S. J. H.Smith, B. (2003) A meta-analysis of perceived locus on causality in exercise, sport, and physical education contexts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25 ,284-306

Standage, M.Treasure, D. C.Duda, J. L.Prusak, K. A. (2003) Validity Reliability and Invariance of the Situational Motivation Scale SIMS Across Diverse Physical Activity Contexts. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25 ,19-43