Intrinsic Motivation

Basic SDT research topics

Barberis, N., Costa, S.Castiglione, C. (2023) Xenophobia and Xenophilia, the bright and dark sides of attitude towards foreigners: A Self-Determination Theory approach. Psychological Reports, Advance Online ,1-24

Reeve, J. (2023) In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), Cognitive evaluation theory: The seedling that keeps self-determination theory growing. , The Oxford handbook of self-determination theory (pp. 33-52) Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780197600047.013.3

Evans, P., Ryan, R. M. (2022) In G. McPherson, Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations for music performance. , The Oxford Handbook of Music Performance , 1 (pp. 576-603) Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190056285.013.24

Bradshaw, E. L.Conigrave, J. H.Steward, B. A.Ferber, K. A. (2022) A meta-analysis of the dark side of the American dream: Evidence for the universal wellness costs of prioritizing extrinsic over intrinsic goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advance online publication

Good, V.Hughes, D. E.Kirca, A. H.McGrath, S. (2022) A self‐determination theory‐based meta‐analysis on the differential effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on salesperson performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 50 ,586-614

Pope, P., Pelletier, L. G. (2021) What messages do adults prefer? Understanding adults’ perceptions of intrinsic and extrinsic physical activity messages. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, Advance online publication

Sansone, C.Tang, Y. (2021) Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and self-determination theory. Motivation Science, 7(2) ,113-114

Shin, J., Grant, A. M. (2021) When putting work off pays off: The curvilinear relationship between procrastination and creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 64(3)

Van den Broeck, A., Howard, J. L.Vaerenbergh, Y. V.Leroy, H. (2021) Beyond intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: A meta-analysis on self-determination theory’s multidimensional conceptualization of work motivation. Organizational Psychology Review, 11(3) ,240–273

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2020) Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from a self-determination theory perspective: Definitions, theory, practices, and future directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 61 ,101860

Lee, W., Reeve, J. (2020) Remembering pleasure and personal meaning from episodes of intrinsic motivation: an fMRI study. Motivation and Emotion, 44 ,810-818

Ryan, R. M.Ryan, W. S., Di Domenico, S. I. (2019) In P. J. Corr (Ed.), Effects of rewards on self-determination and intrinsic motivation: Revisiting Deci (1971). (pp. 137-154) London, UK: Sage.

Shin, J., Grant, A. M. (2019) Bored by interest: Intrinsic motivation in one task can reduce performance in other tasks. Academy of Management Journal, 62 ,1-22

Nguyen, T.Werner, K.M., Soenens, B. (2019) Embracing me-time: Motivation for solitude during transition to college. Motivation and Emotion, 43 ,571-591

Fong, C. J., Patall, E. A.Vasquez, A. C.Strautberg, S. (2019) A meta-analysis of negative feedback on intrinsic motivation. Educational Psychology Review, 31(1) ,121-162

Patall, E. A. (2019) In R. Ryan, The complex role of choice in human motivation and functioning. , Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation (pp. 135-155) New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2019) Research on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is alive, well, and reshaping 21st-century management approaches: Brief reply to Locke and Schattke (2019). Motivation Science, 5(4) ,291-294

Martela, F., Bradshaw, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2019) Expanding the map of intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations using network analysis and multidimensional scaling: Examining four new aspirations. Frontiers in Psychology,

Zhoc, K. C. H.King, R. B., Law, W.McInerney, D. M. (2019) Intrinsic and extrinsic future goals: Their differential effects on students’ self-control and distal learning outcomes. Psychology in the Schools, 56 ,1596–1613

Ho, V. T.Kong, D. T.Lee, C.-H.Dubreuil, P. (2018) Promoting harmonious passion at work: A three-nation investigation of intrinsic motivation and the compensatory role of cooperative psychological climate. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 106 ,112-125

Prentice, M., Kasser, T., Sheldon, K. M. (2018) Openness to experience predicts intrinsic value shifts after deliberating one’s own death. Death Studies, 42(4) ,205-215

Di Domenico, S. I., Ryan, R. M. (2017) The emerging neuroscience of intrinsic motivation: A new frontier in self-determination research. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11 ,145

Lee, W., Reeve, J. (2017) Identifying the neural substrates of intrinsic motivation during task performance. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17(5) ,939-953

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2017) Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York: Guilford Publishing

Legault, L. (2017) The Need for Competence. , Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1123-1

(2017) In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford, Self-Determination Theory. , Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1162-1

Legault, L., Weinstein, N.Mitchell, J.Inzlicht, M. (2017) Owning up to negative ingroup traits: How personal autonomy promotes the integration of group identity. Journal of Personality, 5 ,687-701

Steingut, R., Patall, E. A.Trimble, S. (2017) The effect of rationale on motivation and performance outcomes: A meta-analysis. Motivation Science, 3(1) ,19-50

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2017) Cognitive evaluation theory, part 1: The effects of rewards, feedback, and other external events on intrinsic motivation. , Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness (pp. 123-157) Guilford Press. doi: 10.1521/978.14625/28806

Teixeira, P. J. (2016) Health behavior change: a field just picking up speed. A comment on Ogden (2016). Health Psychology Review, ,1-5

Ruffault, A.Bernier, M.Juge, N.Fournier, J. F. (2016) Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2) ,445-452

Gravel, E. E., Pelletier, L. G.Reissing, E. D. (2016) “Doing it” for the right reasons: Validation of a measurement of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation for sexual relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 92 ,164-173

Trenshaw, K. F.Revelo, R. A.Earl, K. A.Herman, G. L. (2016) Using self determination theory principles to promote engineering students’ intrinsic motivation to learn. International Journal of Engineering Education, 32 ,1194-1207

Izuma, K.Aoki, R.Matsumoto, K. (2016) In S. Kim, J. Reeve, & M. Bong (Eds.), “Your choice” motivates you in the brain: The emergence of autonomy neuroscience. , 19: Recent Developments in Neuroscience Research on Human Motivation (pp. 95-125) Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. doi: 10.1108/S0749-7423201719

Legault, L. (2016) In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford, Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. , Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1139-1

(2016) In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford, The Need For Autonomy. , Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1120-1

Lekes, N., Houlfort, N., Milyavskaya, M.Hope, N. H. (2016) The role of intrinsic values for self-growth and community contribution at different life stages: Differentially predicting the vitality of university students and teachers over one year. Personality and Individual Differences, 98 ,48-52

Cerasoli, C. P.Nicklin, J. M.Nassrelgrgawi, A. S. (2016) Performance, incentives, and needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness: A meta-analysis. Motivation and Emotion, 40(6) ,781-813

Amoura, C.Berjot, S., Gillet, N.Caruana, S. (2015) Effects of autonomy-supportive and controlling styles on situational autonomous motivation: Some unexpected results of the commitment procedure. Psychological Reports, 116 ,1-27

Haerens, L.Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M.Soenens, B. (2015) Do perceived autonomy-supportive and controlling teaching relate to physical education students’ motivational experience through unique pathways? Distinguishing between the bright and dark side of motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16 ,26-36

Monteiro, V.Mata, L.,Peixoto, F. (2015) Intrinsic motivation inventory: Psychometric properties in the context of first language and mathematics learning. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 28(3) ,434-443

Hagger, M. S.Koch, S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2015) The effect of causality orientations and positive competence-enhancing feedback on intrinsic motivation: A test of additive and interactive effects. Personality and Individual Differences, 72 ,107-111

Kooiman, B. J.Li, W.Wesolek, M.Kim, H. (2015) Validation of the Relatedness Scale of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Modern Education, 1(2) ,2454 - 6119

Hagger, M. S.Rentzelas, P., Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2014) Effects of individualist and collectivist group norms and choice on intrinsic motivation. Motivation and Emotion, 38 ,215–223

Baldassarre, G.Stafford, T.Mirolli, M.Redgrave, P. (2014) Intrinsic motivations and open-ended development in animals, humans, and robots: An overview. Frontiers in psychology, 5 ,985

Radel. R., Pelletier, L. G.Sarrazin, P.Baxter, D. (2014) The paradoxical effect of controlling context on interest in another activity. Learning and Instruction, 29 ,95-102

Di Domenico, S. I.Fournier, M. A.Ayaz, H.Ruocco, A. C. (2013) In search of integrative processes: Basic psychological need satisfaction predicts medial prefrontal activation during decisional conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(3) ,967-978

Kusurkar, R. A.Croiset, G.Galindo-Garre, FTen Cate, T.J. (2013) Motivational profiles of medical students: Association with study effort, academic performance and exhaustion. BMC Medical Education, 13 ,87

Kusurkar, R. A.Croiset, G.Ten Cate, Th. J. (2013) Implications of gender differences in motivation among medical students. Medical Teacher, 35(2) ,173-174

Kusurkar, R. A.Ten Cate, T.J.Vos, C.M.Westers, P. (2013) How motivation affects academic performance: A structural equation modelling analysis. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 18 ,57-69

Moller, A. C.Buscemi, JoannaMcFadden, H. GeneHedeker, Donald (2013) Financial motivation undermines potential enjoyment in an intensive diet and activity intervention. , Journal of Behavioral Medicine (pp. 1-9) doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9542-5

Lee, W., Reeve, J. (2013) Self-determined, but not non-self-determined, motivation predicts activations in the anterior insular cortex an fMRI study of personal agency. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8 ,538-545

Legault, L.Inzlicht, M. (2013) Self-determination, self-regulation and the brain: Autonomy improves performance by enhancing neuroaffective responsiveness to self-regulation failure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105 ,123-128

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2013) In B. W. Sokol, F. M. E. Grouzet, U. Muller (Eds.), Toward a social psychology of assimilation: Self-determination theory in cognitive development and education. , Self-regulation and autonomy: Social and developmental dimensions of human conduct (pp. 191-207) Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/cbo9781139152198.014

Austin, S., Guay, F.Senecal, C., Fernet, C. (2013) Longitudinal testing of a dietary self-care motivational model in adolescents with diabetes. Amsterdam: Elsevier Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75 ,153-159

Radel, R.Sarrazin, P.Jehu, M., Pelletier, L. G. (2013) Priming motivation through unattended speech. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52(4) ,763-772

Dysvik, A.Kuvaas, B., Gagné, M. (2013) An investigation of the unique relations between basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43 ,1050-1064

Patall, E. A. (2013) Constructing motivation through choice, interest, and interestingness. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105(2) ,522-534

Lee, W., Reeve, J.Xue, Y.Xiong, J. (2012) Neural differences between intrinsic reasons for doing versus extrinsic reasons for doing. Neuroscience Research, 73 ,68-72

Lee, W., Reeve, J.Xue, Y.Xiong, J. (2012) Neural differences between intrinsic reasons for doing versus extrinsic reasons for doing: An fMRI study. Neuroscience Research, 73 ,68-72

Milyavskaya, M.McClure, M. J.Ma, D., Koestner, R. (2012) Attachment security moderates the effects of autonomy-supportive and controlling interpersonal primes on intrinsic motivation. Canadian Journal of Behaviour Science, 44 ,278-287

Duriez, B. (2011) The social costs of extrinsic relative to intrinsic goal pursuits revisited: The moderating role of general causality orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 50 ,684–687

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2011) Causality orientations moderate the undermining effect of rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47 ,485-489

Murayama, K.Kuhbandner, C. (2011) Money enhances memory consolidation – But only for boring material. Cognition, 119 ,120-124

Lekes, N., Joussemet, M.Koestner, R., Taylor, G. (2011) Transmitting intrinsic values from mothers to adolescents: The moderating role of a supportive family environment. Child Development Research,

Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M. (2010) When helping helps: Autonomous motivation for prosocial behavior and its influence on well-being for the helper and recipient. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98 ,222-244

DeVoe, S. E.Pfeffer, J. (2010) The stingy hour: How accounting for time affects volunteering. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 ,470-483

Radel, R.Sarrazin, P.Legrain, P., Wild, T. C. (2010) Social contagion of motivation between teacher and student: Analyzing underlying processes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102 ,577-587

Murayama, K.Matsumoto, M.Izuma, K.Matsumoto, K. (2010) Neural basis of the undermining effect of monetary reward on intrinsic motivation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(49) ,20911-20916

Haerens, L.Kirk, D.Cardon, G.De Bourdeauhuji, I. (2010) Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students. European Physical Education Review, 16 ,117-139

Gillet, N.Vallerand, R. J.Amoura, S.Baldes, B. (2010) Influence of coaches’ autonomy support on athletes’ motivation and sport performance: A test of the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11 ,155-161

(2010) Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: An adapted measure for schizophrenia research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36(5) ,966-976

Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2009) The path taken: Consequences of attaining intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations in post-college life. Journal of Research in Personality, 43 ,291-306

van Prooijen, J. (2009) Procedural justice as autonomy regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96 ,1166-1180

, Sebire, S., Standage, M., Vansteenkiste, M. (2009) Examining intrinsic versus extrinsic exercise goals: Cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31 ,189-210

Tremblay, M. A.Blanchard, C. M.Taylor, S., Pelletier, L. G. (2009) Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale: Its value for organizational psychology research. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 41(4) ,213-226

Wiechman, B. M.Gurland, S. T. (2009) What happens during the free-choice period? Evidence of a polarizing effect of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Research in Personality, 43 ,716-719

Patall, E. A.Cooper, H.Robinson, J. C. (2008) The effects of choice on intrinsic motivation and related outcomes: A meta-analysis of research findings. Psychological Bulletin, 134 ,270-300

Duriez, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B. (2007) The social costs of extrinsic relative to intrinsic goal pursuits: Their relation with social dominance and racial and ethnic prejudice. Journal of Personality, 75 ,757-782

Rijavec, M.Brdar, I.Miljkovic, D. (2006) Extrinsic vs. intrinsic life goals, psychological needs, and life satisfaction. In A. Delle Fave (Ed.), Dimensions of well-being. Research and intervention. (pp. 91-104 ) Milano: Franco Angeli.

Moller, A. C., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2006) Choice and ego-depletion: The moderating role of autonomy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 ,1024-1036

Ryan, R. M., Rigby, C. S., Przybylski, A. K. (2006) Motivational pull of video games: A self-determination theory approach. Motivation and Emotion, 30 ,347-365

Sharp, E. C., Pelletier, L. G., Levesque, C. S. (2006) The double-edged sword of rewards for participation in psychology experiments. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 38 ,269-277

Katz, I., Assor, A., Kanat-Maymon, Y.Bereby-Meyer, Y. (2006) Interest as a motivational resource: Feedback and gender matter, but interest makes the difference. Social Psychology of Education, 9 ,27-42

Liu, W. C.Wong, A. F. L.Divaharan, S.Peer, J. (2006) Students’ intrinsic motivation in project-based learning using an asynchronous discussion platform. Educational Research Journal, 21(2) ,17-234

Assor, A., Kaplan, H., Kanat-Maymon, Y., Roth, G. (2005) Directly controlling teachers’ behaviors as predictors of poor motivation and engagement in girls and boys: The role of anger and anxiety. Learning and Instruction, 15 ,397-413

Isen, A., Reeve, J. (2005) The influence of positive affect on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: Facilitating enjoyment of play, responsible work behavior, and self-control. Motivation and Emotion, 29 ,297-325

Standage, M.Duda, J. L.Pensgaard, A. M.  (2005) The effect of competitive outcome and task-involving, ego-involving, and cooperative structures on the psychological well-being of individuals engaged in a co-ordination task: A self-determination approach. Motivation and Emotion, 29 ,41-68

Frederick, C.Morris, T. (2004) Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport and exercise. In T. Morris & J. Summers (Eds.), Sport psychology: Theory, applications and issues, 2nd ed.. (pp. 121-151) Milton, Australia: John Wiley & Sons Australia.

Vansteenkiste, M.Simons, J.Lens, W., Sheldon, K. M. (2004) Motivating learning, performance, and persistence: The synergistic role of intrinsic goals and autonomy-support. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87 ,246-260

Joussemet, M., Koestner, R.Lekes, N.Houlfort, N. (2004) Introducing uninteresting tasks to children: A comparison of the effects of rewards and autonomy support. Journal of Personality, 72 ,140-166

Vansteenkiste, M.Simons, J.Lens, W., Soenens, B. (2004) Die kwaliteit van motivatie telt: over het promoten van intriensieke doelen op een autonomieondersteunede wijze. [The quality of motivation matters: On promoting intrinsic goals in an autonomy-supportive way.]. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Psychologie, 59 ,119-131

Vansteenkiste, M., Deci, E. L. (2003) Competitively contingent rewards and intrinsic motivation: Can losers remain motivated?. Motivation and Emotion, 27 ,273-299

Levesque, C. S., Pelletier, L. G. (2003) On the investigation of primed and chronic autonomous and heteronomous motivational orientations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29 ,1570-1584

Koestner, R., Losier, G. F. (2002) In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Distinguishing three ways of being highly motivated: A closer look at introjection, identification, and intrinsic motivation. (pp. 101-121) Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Vallerand, R. J., Ratelle, C. F. (2002) In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: A hierarchical model. (pp. 37-63) Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Grolnick, W. S.Gurland, S. T.DeCourcey, W.Jacob, K. (2002) Antecedents and consequences of mothers’ autonomy support: An experimental investigation. Developmental Psychology, 38 ,143-155

Reeve, J., Jang, H.Harde, P.Omura, M. (2002) Providing a rationale in an autonomy-supportive way as a strategy to motivate others during an uninteresting activity. Motivation and Emotion, 26 ,183-207

Houlfort, N., Koestner, R., Joussemet, M. (2002) The impact of performance-contingent rewards on perceived autonomy and competence. Motivation and Emotion, 26 ,279-295

Deci, E. L., Koestner, R., Ryan, R. M. (2001) Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic motivation in education: Reconsidered once again. Review of Educational Research., 71(1) ,1-27

Sheldon, K. M., Kasser, T. (2001) Getting older, Getting better? Personal strivings and psychological maturity across the life span. Developmental Psychology, 37(4) ,491-501

Kasser, T., Ryan, R. M. (2001) In Peter Schmuck & Kennon M. Sheldon, Be careful what you wish for: Optimal functioning and the relative attainment of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. , Life Goals and Well-Being: Towards a Positive Psychology of Human Striving (pp. 116-131) Gottingen: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2000) La teoría de la autodeterminación y la facilitación de la motivación intrínseca, el desarrollo social, y el bienestar. Spanish translation of article appearing in American Psychologist, 55 ,68-78

Ryan, R. M., La Guardia, J. G. (1999) Achievement motivation within a pressured society: Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations to learn and the politics of school reform. In T. Urdan (Ed.), Advances in motivation and achievement. , 11 (pp. 45-85) Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Deci, E. L., Koestner, R., Ryan, R. M. (1999) A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 125 ,627-668

Deci, E. L., Koestner, R., Ryan, R. M. (1999) The undermining effect is a reality after all: Extrinsic rewards, task interest, and self-determination. Psychological Bulletin, 125(6) ,692-700

Nix, G. A., Ryan, R. M.Manly, J. B., Deci, E. L. (1999) Revitalization through self-regulation: The effects of autonomous and controlled motivation on happiness and vitality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35(3) ,266-284

Joussemet, M., Koestner, R. (1999) Effect of expected rewards on children’s creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 12 ,231-239

Rawsthorne, L  J.Elliot, A. J. (1999) Achievement goals and intrinsic motivation: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3 ,326-344

Vallerand, R. J. (1997) In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. , Vol. 29 (pp. 271-360) San Diego: Academic Press.

Wild, T. C.Enzle, M. E.Nix, G., Deci, E. L. (1997) Perceiving others as intrinsically or extrinsically motivated: Effects on expectancy formation and task engagement. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23 ,837-848

Reeve, J.Nix, G. (1997) Expressing intrinsic motivation through acts of exploration and facial displays of interest. Motivation and Emotion, 21 ,237-250

Chirkov, V. I. (1997) Mezhlichnostnye otnosheniya, vnutrennya motivaciya i samoregulaciya [Interpersonal relations, intrinsic motivation and self-regulation]. Voprosy Psihologii, 3 ,102-111

Pelletier, L. G.Tuson, K. M.Haddad, N. K. (1997) Client Motivation for Therapy Scale: A measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation for therapy. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68:2 ,414-435

Kasser, T., Ryan, R. M. (1996) Further examining the American dream: Differential correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22(3) ,280-287

Pelletier, L. G., Vallerand, R. J. (1996) Supervisors’ beliefs and subordinates’ intrinsic motivation: A behavioral confirmation analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71 ,331-340

Enzle, M. E.Wright, E. F.Redondo, I. M. (1996) Cross-task generalization of intrinsic motivation effect. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 28 ,19-26

Reeve, J., Deci, E. L. (1996) Elements within the competitive situation that affect intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22 ,24-33

Chirkov, V. I. (1996) Samodeterminaciya i vnutrennya motivaciya povedeniya cheloveka [Self-determination and intrinsic motivation of human behavior]. Voprosy Psihologii, 3 ,116-132

Deci, E. L.Eghrari, H.Patrick, B. C.Leone, D. (1994) Facilitating internalization: The self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Personality, 62 ,119-142

Deci, E. L.Driver, R. E.Hotchkiss, L.Robbins, R. J. (1993) The relation of mothers’ controlling vocalizations to children’s intrinsic motivation. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 155 ,151-162

Enzle, M. E.Anderson, S. C. (1993) Surveillant intentions and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64 ,257-266

Wild, T. C.Enzle, M. E.Hawkins, W. L. (1992) Effects of perceived extrinsic versus intrinsic teacher motivation on student reactions to skill acquisition. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18 ,245-251

Ryan, R. M., Koestner, R., Deci, E. L. (1991) Ego-involved persistence: When free-choice behavior is not intrinsically motivated. Motivation and Emotion, 15 ,185-205

Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (1989) Bridging the research traditions of task/ego involvement and intrinsic/extrinsic motivation: A commentary on Butler (1987). Journal of Educational Psychology, 81 ,265-268

Vallerand, R. J., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (1987) Intrinsic motivation in sport. In K. Pandolf (Ed,), Exercise and sport science reviews, Vol. 15. (pp. 389-425) New York: Macmillan.

Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (1985) Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum Publishing Co

Plant, R. W., Ryan, R. M. (1985) Intrinsic motivation and the effects of self-consciousness, self-awareness, and ego-involvement: An investigation of internally-controlling styles. Journal of Personality, 53(3) ,435-449

Koestner, R., Ryan, R. M.Bernieri, F.Holt, K (1984) Setting limits on children’s behavior: The differential effects of controlling versus informational styles on children’s intrinsic motivation and creativity. , Journal of Personality , 54 (pp. 233-248)

Vallerand, R. J.Reid, G. (1984) On the causal effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation: A test of cognitive evaluation theory. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6 ,94-102

Ryan, R. M.Mims, V., Koestner, R. (1983) Relation of reward contingency and interpersonal context to intrinsic motivation: A review and test using Cognitive Evaluation Theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(4) ,736-750

Ryan, R. M. (1982) Control and information in the intrapersonal sphere: An extension of Cognitive Evaluation Theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43(3) ,450-461

Deci, E. L.Betley, G.Kahle, J.Abrams, L. (1981) When trying to win: Competition and intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7 ,79-83

Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (1980) The empirical exploration of intrinsic motivational processes. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology. , 13 (pp. 39-80) New York: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60130-6

Zuckerman, M.Porac, J. F.Lathin, D.Smith, R. (1978) On the importance of self-determination for intrinsically motivated behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4 ,443-446

Deci, E. L. (1975) Intrinsic motivation. New York: Plenum Publishing Co.

Deci, E. L.Cascio, W. F.Krusell, J. (1975) Cognitive evaluation theory and some comments on the Calder and Staw critique. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31 ,81-85

Deci, E. L. (1972) Intrinsic motivation, extrinsic reinforcement, and inequity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 22 ,113-120

Deci, E. L. (1972) The effects of contingent and non-contingent rewards and controls on intrinsic motivation. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 8 ,217-229

Deci, E. L. (1971) Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18(1) ,105-115