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Emotion Regulation Scales (ERI)

The Emotion Regulation Inventory (ERI; developed by Roth et al., 2009) assesses the regulation of negative emotions. 

The ERI consists of the following three subscales: 

  • Integration (six items, e.g., “Negative emotions can sometimes help me understand important things about myself”)
  • Suppression (six items, e.g., “When I feel negative emotions, I almost always hide it so others won’t notice it”), and 
  • Dysregulation (six items, e.g., “It is hard for me to control my negative emotions”). 

Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 1 (Completely disagree) to 5 (Completely agree).


Main Questionnaire


(2009) Developmental Psychology

The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices

Edward Deci Richard Ryan Avi Assor Guy Roth Christopher Niemiec

(2020) Motivation and Emotion

Integrative and suppressive emotion regulation differentially predict well-being through basic need satisfaction and frustration: A test of three countries

Moti Benita Lennia Matos

(2017) Learning and Instruction

Integrative emotion regulation predicts adolescents' prosocial behavior through the mediation of empathy

Moti Benita Guy Roth

(2020) Journal of Personality

Emotion regulation during personal goal pursuit: Integration versus suppression of emotions

Moti Benita

(2015) Social Development

Perceived maternal autonomy support and early adolescent emotion regulation: A longitudinal study

Bart Soenens Maarten Vansteenkiste

(2021) Child Psychiatry & Human Development

Emotion regulation as a transdiagnostic risk factor for (non)clinical adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing psychopathology: Investigating the intervening role of psychological need experiences

Bart Soenens Maarten Vansteenkiste

(2012) Journal of Adolescence

The costs of parental pressure to express emotions: Conditional regard and autonomy support as predictors of emotion regulation and intimacy

Avi Assor Guy Roth

(2014) Emotion

Integration of negative emotional experience versus suppression: Addressing the question of adaptive functioning

Moti Benita Guy Roth

(2017) Cognition and Emotion

Empathising with the enemy: Emotion regulation and support for humanitarian aid in violent conflicts

Yaniv Kanat-Maymon Guy Roth

Validation Articles

(2021) PRE PRINT

Emotion regulation in times of COVID-19: A person-centered approach based on self-determination theory

Bart Soenens Maarten Vansteenkiste