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Psychological Need States in Sport Scale (PNSSS)

This scale assess the degree to which athletes experience satisfaction or frustration of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness.


Main Questionnaire


(2020) Psychology of Sport & Exercise

Measuring psychological need states in sport: Theoretical considerations and a new measure

Bhavsar, N. Bartholomew, K. J. Quested, E. Gucciardi, D. F. Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. Reeve, J. Sarrazin, P. Ntoumanis, N.