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Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scales (BPNSS)

The Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scales is a set of original questionnaires that assess the degree to which people feel satisfaction of these three needs. There is a: general form, as well as domain specific forms for work and relationships.

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale – In General

This scale addresses need satisfaction in general in one’s life. It has 21 items assessing the three needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Please use the following references when using this scale: (Deci & Ryan, 2000; Gagné, 2003).


Questionnaires

Main Questionnaire

65 KB

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale – In General

This scale addresses need satisfaction in general in one’s life. It has 21 items assessing the three needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Please use the following references when using this scale: (Deci & Ryan, 2000; Gagné, 2003).


Domain Specific Questionnaire(s)

  • 57 KB

    Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale – Relationship Domain

    This scale addresses need satisfaction in one’s particular relationships (e.g., spouse, best friend, mother). It has 9 items assessing the three needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. Please use the following reference when using this scale: (La Guardia, Ryan, Couchman, & Deci, 2000).


  • 57 KB

    Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale – Work Domain

    This scale addresses need satisfaction in one’s work domain. It has 21 items assessing the three needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Please use the following references when using this scale: (Deci, Ryan, Gagné, Leone, Usunov, & Kornazheva, 2001; Ilardi, Leone, Kasser, & Ryan, 1993; Kasser, Davey, & Ryan, 1992).


  • 102 KB

    Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale – Work Domain (2016)

    This is a Richard Ryan adapted scale from the Chen et al scale. six subscales, each need satisfaction and each need frustration. Can be summed in various ways—total, overall sat, overall frustration, reach need considered separately, depending on the four.




Validation Articles

Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in General

(2000) Psychological Inquiry

The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior

Edward Deci Richard Ryan


(2001) Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Need satisfaction, motivation, and well-being in the work organizations of a former Eastern Bloc country

Edward Deci Richard Ryan Marylène Gagné


(2003) Motivation and Emotion

The role of autonomy support and autonomy orientation in prosocial behavior engagement

Marylène Gagné


(1993) Journal of Applied Social Psychology

Employee and supervisor ratings of motivation: Main effects and discrepancies associated with job satisfaction and adjustment in a factory setting

Tim Kasser


(1992) Rehabilitation Psychology

Motivation, dependability, and employee-supervisor discrepancies in psychiatric vocational rehabilitation settings

Richard Ryan Tim Kasser


(2011) Motivation and Emotion

When feeling attractive matters too much to women: A process underpinning the relation between psychological need satisfaction and unhealthy weight control behaviors

Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani Nikos Ntoumanis


Basic Need Satisfaction in Relationships

(2000) Psychological Inquiry

The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior

Edward Deci Richard Ryan


(2001) Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Need satisfaction, motivation, and well-being in the work organizations of a former Eastern Bloc country

Edward Deci Richard Ryan Marylène Gagné


(2000) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Within-person variation in security of attachment: A self-determination theory perspective on attachment, need fulfillment, and well-being

Edward Deci Richard Ryan Jennifer La Guardia


(1993) Journal of Applied Social Psychology

Employee and supervisor ratings of motivation: Main effects and discrepancies associated with job satisfaction and adjustment in a factory setting

Tim Kasser


(1992) Rehabilitation Psychology

Motivation, dependability, and employee-supervisor discrepancies in psychiatric vocational rehabilitation settings

Richard Ryan Tim Kasser


Basic Need Satisfaction at Work

(2000) Psychological Inquiry

The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior

Edward Deci Richard Ryan


(2001) Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Need satisfaction, motivation, and well-being in the work organizations of a former Eastern Bloc country

Edward Deci Richard Ryan Marylène Gagné


(1993) Journal of Applied Social Psychology

Employee and supervisor ratings of motivation: Main effects and discrepancies associated with job satisfaction and adjustment in a factory setting

Tim Kasser


(1992) Rehabilitation Psychology

Motivation, dependability, and employee-supervisor discrepancies in psychiatric vocational rehabilitation settings

Richard Ryan Tim Kasser