Perceived Parental Autonomy Support Scale (P-PASS)


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The P-PASS is a 24 question scale to assess autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting behaviors using separate subscales. The P-PASS assesses the following behaviors: Choice within certain limits, rationale for demands and limits, acknowledgement of feelings, threats to punish, performance pressures, guilt-inducing criticisms.

This scale has been successfully used in Bureau and Mageau (2014)’s paper on the relation between autonomy support and adolescents honesty. The adapted 24-item version simplified for children (Joussemet, Mageau, & Koestner, 2014) or contextualized for the work domain (Moreau & Mageau, 2012) also yielded significant findings.


Validation paper:

Mageau, G. A., Ranger, F., Joussemet, M., Koestner, R., Moreau, E., & Forest, J. (2015). Validation of the Perceived Parental Autonomy Support Scale (P-PASS). Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 47, 251-262.


Bureau, J. & Mageau, G. A. (2014). Parental autonomy support and honesty: The mediating role of identification with the honesty value and perceived costs and benefits of honesty. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 225-236.

Papers that successfully used an adapted version of the scale :

At work:

Moreau, E., & Mageau, G. A. (2012). The importance of perceived autonomy support for the psychological health and work satisfaction of health professionals: Not only supervisors count, colleagues too! Motivation and Emotion, 36, 268-286.

With children aged 8 to 12 years:

Joussemet, M., Mageau, G. A., & Koestner, R. (in press). Promoting Optimal Parenting and Children’s Mental Health: A Preliminary Evaluation of the How-to Parenting Program. Journal of Child and Family Studies.