Perceived Autonomy Support: The Climate Questionnaires

Scale Description

One of the central tenets of SDT is that the quality of social contexts influences the motivation, performance, and well-being of individuals who operate within them. The theory uses the concept of autonomy support versus control to characterize the quality of social environments, hypothesizing that autonomy-supportive social contexts tend to facilitate self-determined motivation, healthy development, and optimal functioning.

In much of the SDT field research, we are concerned with the degree to which the social context is autonomy supportive for target individuals such as students, employees, patients, or athletes. These scales concern the degree to which the target individuals perceive people in positions of authority–their teachers, managers, health care providers, or coaches–to be autonomy supportive. Thus, whereas the Motivator’s Orientation Scales are complete by people in positions of authority about themselves, the Climate Questionnaires are completed by the individuals over whom they have authority. The Climate Questionnaires yield a score on a 7-point scale which indicates the degree to which health care providers, instructors, managers, or coaches are perceived to be autonomy supportive. Higher scores indicate greater perceived autonomy support. Each questionnaire can be used either in a long, 15-item version, or a short 5-item version. Across domains, the alpha coefficient of internal consistently is virtually always above 0.90. The short form may be slightly less but has always been good.

There are five Climate Questionnaires presented here, each on its own page.