PAS – Work Climate

The Work Climate Questionnaire (WCQ)


NOTE: Refresh your browser if you are unable to download the scale.

Scale Description

The WCQ has a long form containing 15 items and a short form containing 6 of the items. The questionnaire is typically used with respect to specific work settings, such as teams or work groups that have one manager. The wording can be changed slightly to specify the particular situation being studied. In these cases, the questions pertain to the autonomy support of the respondent’s manager. If, however, the WCQ is being used to assess a general work climate that goes beyond a particular work group, the questions are stated with respect to the autonomy support in general of the managers of that company, department, or organization. Below, you will find the 15-item version of the questionnaire, worded in terms of “my manager” (or supervisor). If you would like to use the 6-item version, simply reconstitute the questionnaire using only items # 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 14.

Scoring: Scores on both the 15-item version and the 6-item version are calculated by averaging the individual item scores. However, for the long version, before averaging the item scores, you must first “reverse” the score of item 13 (i.e., subtract the score on item 13 from 8 and use the result as the item score for this item–for example, the score of 3, when reversed would become5). Higher average scores represent a higher level of perceived autonomy support.

Articles that have Used the Work Climate Questionnaire

Baard, P. P., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2004). Intrinsic need satisfaction: A motivational basis of performance and well-being in two work settings. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 2045-2068.
PDF Download this article in .pdf format (for Personal Use Only)

The WCQ as a Rating Device

The WCQ was designed to be used by employees (or volunteers) to report their perceptions of their managers or supervisors. However, it can also be used for having trained observers rate the autonomy supportiveness of a manager or supervisor, based on listening to tape recorded interactions between managers and subordinates. This approach has not been used with the WCQ, but it has been used with the HCCQ. A description of its use can be found on the HCCQ page, and can be easily adapted if you would like to use the WCQ in this way.

Sport Climate Questionnaire