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Overview

Understanding clients’ motivation is key in helping to promote personal integration, growth, and change. SDT research on psychotherapy has found, for example, that it makes a difference whether a person freely chooses to start or continue in therapy because it’s personally important to them, or whether they feel forced or pressured into doing so. In other words, whether one’s motivation for therapy is more internal, or more external, matters. But motivation, of course, can change over time, and part of that has to do with the quality of the relationship between the client and the therapist. As well, there is also a lot that we are only now starting to learn about the link between people’s psychological needs and the kind of problems they may be struggling with in life. It’s possible that many of the struggles we encounter can be traced, at least in part, to experiences in which our basic needs (for relationships, for feelings of competence, for opportunities to make personally meaningful choices) are not or cannot be satisfied.

In Practice

When clients feel listened to, valued, and understood by their therapist, they are more likely to engage in counseling for reasons that feel personally important and self-chosen. This also seems to be the case as they begin to feel more confident, in the course of therapy, that change is possible for them. Again, we are learning a lot about how the way that client and counselor work together makes a difference in the therapy; in other words, the quality of their relationship matters. As well, learning new ways to meet one’s needs for relationships, competence, and choice can be part of the work of therapy, from an SDT perspective.

Take-Aways

  • SDT suggests that motivation matters: why a person chooses to come to therapy, to continue in therapy, or to stop therapy, makes a difference.
  • Outcomes generally seem to be better when choices are made for reasons that are more internal (personally valued, freely made) than more external (under threat or feelings of pressure or control).
  • Basic needs for relationships, for competence, and for choice are important; living in circumstances that don’t provide opportunities to satisfy these needs, whether in the short term or in the long term, can have a negative impact on one’s well-being.
  • Within the framework of SDT, a therapist can help the client to explore their reasons for coming to therapy, and can work with the client to identify and to practice new ways to satisfy their needs for relationships, competence, and choice, when it seems that deprivation in one or more of those areas may be at the root of their current problems.

Virtual Environments

Research Reports in Virtual Environments and Video Games

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

Akin, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking., 15, 404-410. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., , Lynch, M. F., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). The ideal self at play: The appeal of video games that let you be all you can be. Psychological Science, 23, 69–76. doi: 10.1177/0956797611418676

Tamborini, R., Grizzard, M., Bowman, N. D., Reinecke, L., & Eden, A. (2011). Media enjoyment as need satisfaction: The contribution of hedonic and nonhedonic needs. Journal of Communication, 61, 1025-1042. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01593.x

Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A., Grizzard, M., & Organ, A. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758–777. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01513.x

King, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2009). Motivational differences in problem video game play. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 2, 139-149.

Wang, C. K. J., Liu, W. C., & Khoo, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 in internet gaming. Current Psychology, 28, 194–201.

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 485-492.

Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Sport, Exercise, and Physical Education

Research Reports in Virtual Environments and Video Games

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

Akin, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking., 15, 404-410. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., , Lynch, M. F., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). The ideal self at play: The appeal of video games that let you be all you can be. Psychological Science, 23, 69–76. doi: 10.1177/0956797611418676

Tamborini, R., Grizzard, M., Bowman, N. D., Reinecke, L., & Eden, A. (2011). Media enjoyment as need satisfaction: The contribution of hedonic and nonhedonic needs. Journal of Communication, 61, 1025-1042. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01593.x

Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A., Grizzard, M., & Organ, A. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758–777. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01513.x

King, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2009). Motivational differences in problem video game play. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 2, 139-149.

Wang, C. K. J., Liu, W. C., & Khoo, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 in internet gaming. Current Psychology, 28, 194–201.

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 485-492.

Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Segar, M. L., Guérin, E., Phillips, E., & Fortier, M. S. (2016). From vital sign to vitality: Selling exercise so patients want to buy it. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1(11), 97-102. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000015

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Mahoney, J. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Gordon, S., & Ntoumanis, N. (2016). Training a coach to be autonomy‐supportive: An avenue for nurturing mental toughness. In S. Cotterill, N. Weston, and G. Breslin (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology: Practitioner case studies (pp. 193-214). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Quested, E. (2016). Antecedents of need supportive and controlling interpersonal styles from a self-determination theory perspective: A review and implications for sport psychology research. In Raab, M., Wylleman, P., Seiler, R., Elbe, A.M., and Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: From Theory to Practice (pp. 144-180). London, UK: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803634-1.00007-8

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Segar, M. L. (2015). The right why: The surprising start to cultivating sustainable behavior change. Journal of the American Society on Aging, 39(1), 15-19.

Segar, M. L. (2015). No Sweat: How the Simple Science of Motivation Can Bring You a Lifetime of Fitness. New York: AMACOM.

Segar, M. L., & Richardson, C. R. (2014). Prescribing pleasure and meaning: Cultivating walking motivation and maintenance. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 838-841. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.001

Spence, G. B., & Deci, E. L. (2013). Self-determination theory within coaching contexts: Supporting motives and goals that promote well-being and effective performance. In Clutterbuck, D. Megginson, & S. David (Eds.), Beyond Goals: Effective Strategies for Coaching and Mentoring (pp. 85-108). London: Gower Publishing.

Strachan, Shaelyn M., Fortier, M. S., Perras, Melanie G. M., & Lugg, Carrie (2013). Understanding variations in exercise-dentity strength through identity theory and self-determination theory. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 273-285. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.749005

Guerin, Eva, Fortier, M. S., & Sweet, Shane N. (2013). An experience sampling study of physical activity and positive affect: investigating the role of situational motivation and perceived intensity across time. Health Psychology Research, 1, 100-110. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e21

Sweet, Shane N., Fortier, M. S., Strachan, Shaelyn M., & Blanchard, Chris M. (2012). Testing and integrating self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory in a physical activity context. Canadian Psychololgy, 53, 319-327. doi: 10.1037/a0030280

Guerin, Eva, Bales, Elena, Sweet, Shane N., & Fortier, M. S. (2012). A meta-analysis of the influence of gender on self-determination theory's motivational regulations for physical activity. Canadian Psychology, 53, 291-300. doi: 10.1037/a0030215

Ntoumanis, N. (2012). A self-determination theory perspective on motivation in sport and physical education: Current trends and possible future research directions. In G.C. Roberts and D. C. Treasure, Advances in Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3 (pp. 91-128). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Fortier, M. S., Duda, J. L., Guerin, E., & Teixeira, P. J. (2012). Promoting physical activity: Development and testing of self-determination theory-based interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 1-14.

Fortier, M. S., Wiseman, Elizabeth, Sweet, Shane N., O'Sullivan, Tracey L., Blanchard, Chris M., Sigal, Ronald J., & Hogg, William (2011). A moderated mediation of motivation on physical activity in the context of the physical activity counseling randomized control trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 71-78. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.001

Pearson, E. S. (2011). The ‘how-to’ of health behaviour change brought to life: A theoretical analysis of the Co-Active coaching model and its underpinnings in self-determination theory. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 4, 89-103.

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and the darker side of athletic experience: The role of interpersonal control and need thwarting. Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 23-27.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2010). Psychological needs and the prediction of exercise-related cognitions and affect among an ethnically diverse cohort of adult women.. International Journal of Sport and Exercise, 8, 446-463.

Lightheart, V. L., Wilson, P. M., & Oster, K. (2010). Strength versus balance: The contributions of two different models of psychological need satisfaction to well-being in adapted sport athletes. In I. E. Wells (Ed.), Psychological well-being (pp. 157-170). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Vlachopoulos, S., Ntoumanis, N., & Smith, A. L. (2010). Psychological needs in exercise scale: Translation and evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 394-412.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Garcia Bengoechea, E., Bin, X., Cheung, S., & Sylvester, B. D. (2010). Understanding sport friendships in adapted sport athletes: Does fulfilling basic psychological needs matter?. In B. D. Geranto (Ed.), Sport psychology (pp. 113-130). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The controlling interpersonal style in a coaching context: Development and initial validation of a psychometric scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(2), 193-216. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

Dimmock, J., & Banting, L. K. (2009). The influence of implicit cognitive processes on physical activity: How the theory of planned behaviour and self-determination theory can provide a platform for our understanding. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 3-22.

Ryan, R. M., Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. L. (2009). Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 6, 107-124.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2009). Helping your clients and patients take ownership over their exercise: Fostering exercise adoption, adherence and associated well-being. ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal, 13, 20-25.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24, 29-48.

Wilson, P. M., Gregson, J. P., & Mack, D. E. (2009). The importance of interpersonal style in competitive sport: A self-determination theory approach. In C. H. Chang (Ed.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 259-276). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Motivation in physical education classes: A self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 194-202.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

Duda, J. L., & Treasure, D. (2009). Motivational processes and the facilitation of quality engagement in sport. In J. M. Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychologyMountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Grattan, K. P. (2008). Understanding motivation for exercise: A self-determination theory perspective. Canadian Psychology, 49, 250-256.

Silva, M. N., Teixeira, P. J., Markland, D. A., Minderico, C. S., Vieira, P. N., Castro, M. M., Coutinho, S.S., Santos, T. C., Matos. M.G., & Sardinha, L. B. (2008). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: Rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health, 8, 234-247.

, Treasure, D. C., & Wang, C. K. J. (2008). Motivational characteristics. In A. L. Smith & S. J. H. Biddle (Eds.), Youth physical activity and sedentary behavior: Challenges and solutions (pp. 193-213). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Wang, C.K.J., & (2007). Understanding young people’s motivation toward exercise: An integration of sport ability beliefs, achievement goal theory, and self-determination theory. In M.S. Hagger & N.L.D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 193-208). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics..

Duda, J. L., & Balaguer, I. (2007). The coach-created motivational climate. In S. Jowett & D. Lavalee (Eds.), Social Psychology of Sport (pp. 117-130). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). Advances in self-determination theory research in sport and exercise (editorial). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 597-599.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). The trans-contextual model of motivation. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 53-70). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Conroy, D. E., & Coatsworth, J. D. (2007). Competence motivation in sport and exercise: The hierarchical model of achievement motivation and self-determination theory. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 181-192). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2007). Perceived autonomy support and psychological need satisfaction as key psychological constructs in the exercise domain. In M. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 35-51). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Ntoumanis, N., Vazou, S., Spiridoula,, & Duda, J. L. (2007). Peer-created motivational climate. In S. Jowette & D. Lavallee (Eds.), Social psychology in sport (pp. 145-156). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., & Lens, W. (2007). Intrinsic versus extrinsic goal promotion in sport and exercise: Understanding their differential impact on performance and persistence. In M. S. Hagger and N. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-Determination Theory in exercise and sport (pp. 167-180). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

, Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Lippke, S. (2007). Theoretical frameworks in exercise psychology. In G. Tenenbaum & R. C. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 537-559). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Sarrazin, P., Boiché, J., & Pelletier, L. G. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to dropout in athletes. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 229-242). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Pelletier, L. G., & Sarrazin, P. (2007). Measurement issues in self-determination theory and sport. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 143-152). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Treasure, D. C., Lemyre, N., Kuczka, K. K., & Standage, M. (2007). Motivation in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. In M. S. Hagger &, N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination theory in exercise and sport (pp. 153-165). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Loney, T., & Standage, M. (2007). A motivational and evolutionary perspective of the self in exercise and health. In J. A. Munoz-Yunta (Ed.), Advances in psychology research (Vol 50, pp. 100-150). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Standage, M., Gillison, F, & Treasure, D.C.  (2007). Self-determination and motivation in physical education. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination theory in exercise and sport (pp. 71-85). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Markland, D. A., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to understanding motivational interviewing and promoting regular physical activity. In M. S. Hagger and N. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-Determination Theory in exercise and sport (pp. 87-100). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Jones, R., & Standage, M. (2006). Leadership in the coaching process: Whose decisions really matter?. In R. Jones (Ed.), Re-conceptualising the coaching role and how to teach it: New ways of thinking about practice (pp. 65-76). Hove, England: Routledge.

Standage, M., & Duda, J. L. (2004). Motivational processes among older adults in sport and exercise settings. In M.R. Weiss (Ed.), Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective (pp. 357-381). Morgantown, WV: Fit Press.

Frederick, C., & Morris, T. (2004). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport and exercise. In T. Morris & J. Summers (Eds.), Sport psychology: Theory, applications and issues, 2nd ed. (pp. 121-151). Milton, Australia: John Wiley & Sons Australia.

Frederick, C. (2002). Self-determination theory and participation motivation research in the sport and exercise domain. In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp. 277-294). Rochester, NY: University Of Rochester Press.

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Research Reports

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I. D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B. D., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2017). Narcissism and coach interpersonal style: A self-determination theory perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(2), 254-261. doi: doi:10.1111/sms.12635

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Beauchamp, M. R., Miller, A., Lonsdale, C., Parker, P., & Dally, K. (2016). Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(2), 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.10.010

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Juge, N., & Fournier, J. F. (2016). Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 445-452. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0467-7

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Sebire, S., Jago, R, Kesten, J. M., Edwards, M. J., May, T., Banfield, K., Tomkinson, K., Blair, P. S., Bird E. L., & Powell J. E. (2016). Using self-determination theory to promote adolescent girls' physical activity: Exploring the theoretical fidelity of the Bristol Girls Dance Project. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 100-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.009

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Stodden, D., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediating effects of resistance training skill competency on health-related fitness and physical activity: The ATLAS cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Science, 34(8), 772-779. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1069383

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2016). Predicting sport experience during training: The role of change-oriented feedback in athletes’ motivation, self-confidence and needs satisfaction fluctuations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 45-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0210

Stenseng, F., Forest, J., & Curran, T. (2015). Positive emotions in recreational sport activities: The role of passion and belongingness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9547-y

Gunnell, K. E., & Gaudreau, P. (2015). Testing a bi-factor model to disentangle general and specific factors of motivation in self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.059

Chan, D. K. C., Dimmock, J. A., Donovan, R. J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2015). Self-determined motivation in sport predicts motivation and intention of anti-doping behaviors: A perspective from the trans-contextual model. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18, 315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.04.001

Friedrichs, S. A., Bolman, C., Oenema, A., & Lechner, L. (2015). Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach. BMC Psychology, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s40359-015-0059-2

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM): A cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.001

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R., Pollock, E., Kennedy, S. G., & Lubans, D. R. (2015). Preliminary efficacy and feasibility of embedding high intensity interval training into the school day: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 973–979. doi: doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.001

Slingerland, M, Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20, 20-35. doi: 10.1177/1356336X13496000

Sweet, S., Fortier, M., Strachan, S., Blanchard, C., & Boulay, P. (2014). Testing a longitudinal integrat- ed self-efficacy and self-deter- mination theory model for physical activity post-cardiac rehabilitation. Health Psychology Research, 2, 30-37. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.1008

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Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Morality in sport: A self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21, 365-380.

Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport: A self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21, 365-380.

Lonsdale, C., Sabiston, C. M., Raedeke, T. D., Ha, A. S. C., & Sum, R. K. W. (2009). Self-determined motivation and students' physical activity during structured physical education lessons and free choice periods. Preventive Medicine, 48, 69-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.09.013

Ntoumanis, N., Barkoukis, V., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). Developmental trajectories of motivation in physical education: Course, demographic differences, and antecedents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 717-728.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., Wang, C. K. J., & Thogersen-Ntoumanis, C. (2009). The effects of social identity and perceived autonomy support on health behaviour within the theory of planned behaviour. Current Psychology, 28, 55-68.

Lim, B. S. C., & Wang, C. K. J. (2009). Perceived autonomy support, behavioural regulations in physical education and physical activity intention. Psychology for Sport and Exercise, 10, 52-60.

Morton, K. L., , & Beauchamp, M. R. (2008). Changes in self-determination during an exercise referral scheme. Public Health, 122, 1257-1260.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., & Brickell, T. (2008). Using the construct of perceived autonomy support to understand social influence within the theory of planned behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 27-44.

Sarmento, H., Catita, L., & Fonseca, A. (2008). Sport motivation – A comparison between adult football players competing at different levels. Proceedings of the 5th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology, Croatia, 631-634.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Gunnell, K., Oster, K., & Gregson, J. P. (2008). Analyzing the measurement of psychological need satisfaction in exercise contexts: Evidence, issues, and future directions. In M. P. Simmons & L. A. Foster (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology research advances (pp. 361-391). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Pihu, M., Hein, V., Koka, A., & Hagger, M. S. (2008). How students' perceptions of teacher's autonomy supportive behaviors affect physical activity behaviour: An application of trans-contextual model. European Journal of Sport Science, 8, 193-204.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Lightheart, V. (2008). How important are basic psychological needs to women’s well-being?. In J. P Coulter (Ed.), Progress in exercise and women’s health research (pp. 139-158). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Hodge, K., Lonsdale, C., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2008). Burnout in elite rugby: Relationships with basic psychological needs fulfilment. Journal of Sports Science, 26, 835-844.

Adie, J., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2008). Autonomy support, basic need satisfaction and the optimal functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory. Motivation and Emotion, 32, 189-199.

Tessier, D., Sarrazin, P., & Ntoumanis, N. (2008). The effects of an experimental programme to support students’ autonomy on the overt behaviours of physical education teachers. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 23, 239-253.

Boiché, J. C., Sarrazin, P. G., Grouzet, F. M., & Pelletier, L. G. (2008). Students’ motivational profiles in physical education and achievement outcomes: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 688-701.

Wilson, P. M., & Rogers, W. T. (2008). Examining relationships between psychological need satisfaction and behavioural regulations in exercise. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 13, 119-142.

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. A. (2008). The Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): Instrument development and initial validity evidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise, 30, 323-355.

Gillet, N., & Rosnet, E. (2008). Basic need satisfaction and motivation in sport. Athletic Insight - The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 10

Vallerand, R. J., Mageau, G. A., Elliot, A. J., Dumais, A., Demers, M. A., & Rousseau, F. (2008). Passion and performance attainment in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 373–392.

Mouratadis, M., Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., & Sideridis, G. (2008). The motivating role of positive feedback in sport and physical education: Evidence for a motivational model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, 240-268.

Ahlberg, M., Mallett, C. J., & Tinning, T. (2008). Developing autonomy supportive coaching behaviors: An action research approach to coach development.. International Journal of Coaching Science, 2, 1-20.

Gillet, N., Rosnet, E., & Vallerand, R. J. (2008). Développement d’une échelle de satisfaction des besoins fondamentaux en contexte sportif. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 40, 230-237. doi: 10.1037/a0013201

Chian, L. K. Z., & Wang, C. K. J. (2008). Motivational profiles of junior college athletes in Singapore: A cluster analysis. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 137-156.

Kee, Y. H., & Wang, C. K. J. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness, flow dispositions and mental skills adoption: A cluster analytic approach. Psychology for Sport and Exercise, 9, 393-411.

Gray, C. E., & Wilson, P. M. (2008). The relationship between organizational commitment, perceived relatedness, and intentions to continue in Canadian track and field officials. Journal of Sport Behavior, 31, 44-63.

Conroy, D. E., & Coatsworth, J. D. (2007). Assessing autonomy-supportive coaching strategies in youth sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 671-684. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.12.001

Smith, A. L., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2007). Goal striving, goal attainment, and well-being: An adaptation of the self-concordance model in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29, 763-782.

Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Fox, K. R. (2007). Exploring the role of autonomy for exercise and its relationship with mental well-being: A study with non-academic University employees. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 5, 227-239. doi: 10.1080/1612197x.2007.9671833

Standage, M., & Gillison, F. (2007). Students' motivational responses toward school physical education and their relationship to general self-esteem and health-related quality of life. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 704-721.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Hagger, M. S. (2007). The moral worth of sport reconsidered: Contributions of recreational sport and competitive sport to life aspirations and psychological well-being. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 1047-1056.

Hein, V., & Hagger, M. S. (2007). Global self-esteem, goal achievement orientations, and self-determined behavioural regulations in a physical education setting. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 149-159.

Mallett, C., Kawabata, M., Newcombe, P., Otero-Forero, A., & Jackson, S. (2007). Sport motivation scale-6 (SMS-6): A revised six-factor sport motivation scale. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 600-614.

Standage, M., Treasure, D., Hooper, K., & Kuczka, K. (2007). Self-handicapping in school physical education: The influence of the motivational climate. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 81-99.

Ommundsen, Y., & Kvalø, S. E. (2007). Autonomy-mastery supportive or performance focused?  Different teacher behaviors and pupil's outcomes in physical education . Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 51, 386-413.

Perreault, S., Gaudreau, P., Lapointe, M. C., & Lacroix, C. (2007). Does it take three to tango? Psychological need satisfaction and athlete burnout. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 437-450.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Muan, S., & LeBlanc, M. (2007). What role does psychological need satisfaction play in motivating exercise participation?. In Liam A. Chiang (Ed.), Motivation of exercise and physical activity (pp. 35-52). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Sproule, J., Wang, C. K. J., McNeil, M., Morgan, K., & McMorris, T. (2007). Effects of motivational climate in Singaporean physical education lessons on intrinsic motivation and physical activity intention. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1037-1049.

Mallett, C., Kawabata, M., & Newcombe, P. (2007). Progressing measurement in sport motivation with the SMS-6: A response to Pelletier, Vallerand, and Sarrazin. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 622–631.

Taylor, I., & Ntoumanis, N. (2007). Teacher motivational strategies and student self-determination in physical education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99, 747-760.

Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Ntoumanis, N. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to the study of body image concerns, self-presentation and self-perceptions in a sample of aerobic instructors. Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 301-315.

Blanchard, C. M., Mask, L., Vallerand, R. J., De La Sablonniere, R., & Provencher, P. (2007). Reciprocal relationships between contextual and situational motivation in a sport setting. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 854-873.

Sinelnikov, O. A., Hastie, P. A., & Prusak, K. A. (2007). Situational motivation during seasons of sport education. ICHPER-SD Research Journal, 2, 43-47.

Segar, M. L., Eccles, J. S., Peck, S. C., & Richardson, C. (2007). Sex Roles. Midlife women’s physical activity goals: Socio-cultural influences and effects on behavioral regulation, 57, 837-850. doi: 10.1007/s11199-007-9322-1

Pelletier, L. G., Vallerand, R. J., & Sarrazin, P. (2007). The revised six-factor sport motivation scale (Mallett, Kawabata, Newcombe, Otero-Forero, & Jackson, 2007): Something old, something new, and something borrowed. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 615-621.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Frederick, C., , Hagger, M. S., & Smith, B. (2007). Influences of volitional and forced intentions on physical activity and effort within the theory of planned behaviour. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 699 -709.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., & Smith, B. (2007). Influences of perceived autonomy support on physical activity within the theory of planned behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 934-954.

Vansteenkiste, M., Matos, L., Lens, W., & Soenens, B. (2007). Understanding the impact of intrinsic versus extrinsic goal framing on exercise performance: The conflicting role of task and ego involvement. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 8, 771-794.

Medic, N., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., & Starkes, J. L. (2007). The effects of athletic scholarship of motivation in sport. Journal of Sport Behavior, 30, 292-306.

Vierling, K. K., Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2007). Predicting attitudes and physical activity in an "at-risk" minority youth sample: A test of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 795-817.

Donahue, E., Miquelon, P., Valois, P., Goulet, C., & Buist, A. (2006). A motivational model of performance-enhancing substance use in elite athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 511-520.

Reinboth, M., & Duda J. L. (2006). Perceived motivational climate, need satisfaction and indices of well-being in team sports: A longitudinal perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 269–286.

Nuñez, J. L., Albo, J. M., Navarro, J. G., & Gonzalėz, V. M. (2006). Preliminary validation of a Spanish version of the Sport Motivation Scale. Perceptual And Motor Skills, 102, 919-930.

Wang, C. K. J., & Koh, T. H. M. (2006). Sport ability beliefs, self-determination and beliefs about the purposes of physical education among Singaporean potential preservice teachers. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science, 3, 25-34.

Wang, C. K. J., Chia, M., Quek, J. J., & Liu, W. C. (2006). Patterns of physical activity, sedentary behaviours and psychological determinants among Singaporean school children. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 4, 227-249.

Cumming, S. P., Battista, R. A., Standage, M., Ewing, M. E., & Malina, R. M (2006). Estimated maturity status and perceptions of adult autonomy support in youth soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, 1039-1046.

Segar, M. L., Sprujit-Metz, D., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2006). Go figure? Body-shaping motives are associated with decreased physical activity participation among midlife women. Sex Roles, 55, 175-187. doi: 10.1007/s11199-006-9336-5

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., Smith, B., & Sage, L. D. (2006). The influences of intrinsic motivation on execution of social behavior within the theory of planned behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 229-237.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Barkoukis, V., Wang, C. K. J., & Baranowski, J. (2005). Perceived autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A cross- cultural evaluation of the trans-contextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 287-301.

Mallett, C. (2005). Self-determination theory: A case study of evidence-based coaching. The Sport Psychologist, 19, 417-429.

Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A prospective study of participation in optional school physical education based on self-determination theory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 444-453.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L, & Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A test of self-determination theory in school physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 411-433.

Ntoumanis, N., & Vazou, S. (2005). Peer motivational climate in youth sport: Measurement development and validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 432-455.

McNeil, M., & Wang, C. K. J. (2005). Psychological profiles of elite sports players in Singapore. Psychology of Exercise and Sport, 6, 117-128.

Amiot, C. E., Gaudreau, P., & Blanchard, C. M. (2004). Self-determination, coping, and goal attainment in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 396-411.

Mallett, C., & Hanrahan, S. J. (2004). Elite athletes: Why does the ‘fire’ burn so brightly?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5, 183-200.

Wang, C. K. J., Ang, P. R., Teo-Koh, S. M., & Kahlid, A. (2004). Motivational predictors of young adolescents’ participation in an outdoor adventure course: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 4, 57-65.

Reinboth, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2004). Dimensions of coaching behavior, need satisfaction, and the psychological and physical welfare of young athletes. Motivation and Emotion, 28, 297-313. doi: 10.1023/B:MOEM.0000040156.81924.b8

Ntoumanis, N., Pensgaard, A. M., Martin, C., & Pipe, K. (2004). An ideographic analysis of amotivation in compulsory school physical education. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 197-214.

Prusak, K. A (2004). The effects of choice on the motivation of adolescent girls in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23, 19-29.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Culverhouse, T., & (2003). The process by which perceived autonomy support in physical education promotes leisure-time physical activity intentions and behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 784-795.

Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Bargmann, K. (2003). Autonomy support and need satisfaction in the motivation and well-being of gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 372-390.

Vansteenkiste, M., & Deci, E. L. (2003). Competitively contingent rewards and intrinsic motivation: Can losers remain motivated?. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 273-299.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). A model of contextual motivation in physical education: Using constructs and tenets from self-determination and goal perspective theories to predict leisure-time exercise intentions. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 97-110.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). Predicting motivational regulations in physical education: The interplay between dispositional goal orientations, motivational climate and perceived competence. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 621-647.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity, reliability, and invariance of the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS) across diverse physical activity contexts. Sport Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity reliability and invariance of the situational motivation scale SIMS across diverse physical activity contexts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Frederick, C., & Schuster-Smith, H. (2003). Competition and intrinsic motivation in physical activity: A comparison of two groups. Journal of Sport Behavior, 26, 240-254.

Mageau, G. A., & Vallerand, R. J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Science, 21, 883-904.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (2002). The influence of autonomous and controlling motives on physical activity intentions within the theory of planned behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 283-297.

Sarrazin, P., Vallerand, R. J., Guillet, E., Pelletier, L. G., & Cury, F. (2002). Motivation and dropout in female handballers: A 21-month prospective study. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 395-418.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., & Fraser, S. N. (2002). Cross-validation of the revised Motivation for Physical Activity Measure in active women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 471-477.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2002). Putting theory into practice: Enhancing motivation through OPTIMAL strategies. Avante, 8, 21-29.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., , & Karageorghis, C. (2002). The cognitive processes by which perceived locus of causality predicts participation in physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 685-699.

Ntoumanis, N. (2002). Motivational clusters in a sample of British physical education classes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 177-194.

Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2002). Relationship among achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 87-103.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 397-409.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 225-242.

Spray, C. M., & Wang, C. K. J. (2001). Goal orientations, self-determination, and pupils’ discipline in physical education. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 903-913.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2000). Putting theory into practice: How cognitive evaluation theory can help us better understand how to motivate children in physical activity environments. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 71, 44-49.

, Soos, I., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (1999). Predicting physical activity intentions using goal perspectives and self-determination theory approaches. European Psychologist, 4, 83-89.

Kowal, J., & Fortier, M. S. (1999). Motivational determinants of flow: Contributions from self-determination theory. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 355-368.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (1998). Functional significance of psychological variables that are included in the theory of planned behaviour: A self-determination theory approach to the study of attitudes, subjective norms, perceptions of control and intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 303-322.

Green-Demers, I., Pelletier, L. G., Stewart, D. G., & Gushue, N. R. (1998). Coping with less interesting aspects of training: Toward a model of interest and motivation enhancement in individual sports. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 251-261.

Markland, D. A., & Hardy, L. (1997). On the factorial and construct validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: Conceptual and operational concerns. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 20-32.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., , & Meek, G. A. (1997). A self-determination theory approach to the study of intentions and the intention-behaviour relationship in children's physical activity.. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2, 343-360.

Reeve, J., & Deci, E. L. (1996). Elements within the competitive situation that affect intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 24-33.

Chantal, Y., Guay, F., Dobreva-Martinova, T., & Vallerand, R. J. (1996). Motivation and elite performance: An exploratory investigation with Bulgarian athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27, 173-182.

Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., & Brière, N. M. (1995). Toward a new measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation in sports: The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17, 35-53.

Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Brière, N. M., & Provencher, P. J. (1995). Competitive and recreational sport structures and gender: A test of their relationship with sport motivation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, 24-39.

Goudas, M., Biddle, S. J. H., & Underwood, M. (1995). A prospective study of the relationships between motivational orientations and perceived competence with intrinsic motivation and achievement in a teacher education course. Educational Psychology, 15, 89-96.

Goudas, M., , & Fox, K. (1994). Perceived locus of causality, goal orientations, and perceived competence in school physical education classes. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 453-463.

Vallerand, R. J., & Losier, G. F. (1994). Self-determined motivation and sportsmanship orientations: An assessment of their temporal relationship. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 229-245.

Whitehead, J. R., & Corbin, C. B. (1991). Youth fitness testing: The effect of percentile-based evaluative feedback on intrinsic motivation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 62, 225-231.

McAuley, E., & Tammen, V. V. (1989). The effects of subjective and objective competitive outcomes on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Exercise and Sport Psychology, 11, 84-93.

Vallerand, R. J., Gauvin, L. I., & Halliwel, W. R. (1986). Effects of zero-sum competition on children's intrinsic motivation and perceived competence. The Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 465-472.

Vallerand, R. J., & Reid, G. (1984). On the causal effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation: A test of cognitive evaluation theory. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 94-102.

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Psychopathology

Research Reports in Virtual Environments and Video Games

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

Akin, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking., 15, 404-410. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., , Lynch, M. F., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). The ideal self at play: The appeal of video games that let you be all you can be. Psychological Science, 23, 69–76. doi: 10.1177/0956797611418676

Tamborini, R., Grizzard, M., Bowman, N. D., Reinecke, L., & Eden, A. (2011). Media enjoyment as need satisfaction: The contribution of hedonic and nonhedonic needs. Journal of Communication, 61, 1025-1042. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01593.x

Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A., Grizzard, M., & Organ, A. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758–777. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01513.x

King, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2009). Motivational differences in problem video game play. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 2, 139-149.

Wang, C. K. J., Liu, W. C., & Khoo, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 in internet gaming. Current Psychology, 28, 194–201.

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 485-492.

Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Segar, M. L., Guérin, E., Phillips, E., & Fortier, M. S. (2016). From vital sign to vitality: Selling exercise so patients want to buy it. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1(11), 97-102. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000015

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Mahoney, J. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Gordon, S., & Ntoumanis, N. (2016). Training a coach to be autonomy‐supportive: An avenue for nurturing mental toughness. In S. Cotterill, N. Weston, and G. Breslin (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology: Practitioner case studies (pp. 193-214). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Quested, E. (2016). Antecedents of need supportive and controlling interpersonal styles from a self-determination theory perspective: A review and implications for sport psychology research. In Raab, M., Wylleman, P., Seiler, R., Elbe, A.M., and Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: From Theory to Practice (pp. 144-180). London, UK: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803634-1.00007-8

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Segar, M. L. (2015). No Sweat: How the Simple Science of Motivation Can Bring You a Lifetime of Fitness. New York: AMACOM.

Segar, M. L. (2015). The right why: The surprising start to cultivating sustainable behavior change. Journal of the American Society on Aging, 39(1), 15-19.

Segar, M. L., & Richardson, C. R. (2014). Prescribing pleasure and meaning: Cultivating walking motivation and maintenance. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 838-841. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.001

Spence, G. B., & Deci, E. L. (2013). Self-determination theory within coaching contexts: Supporting motives and goals that promote well-being and effective performance. In Clutterbuck, D. Megginson, & S. David (Eds.), Beyond Goals: Effective Strategies for Coaching and Mentoring (pp. 85-108). London: Gower Publishing.

Strachan, Shaelyn M., Fortier, M. S., Perras, Melanie G. M., & Lugg, Carrie (2013). Understanding variations in exercise-dentity strength through identity theory and self-determination theory. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 273-285. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.749005

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Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2010). Psychological needs and the prediction of exercise-related cognitions and affect among an ethnically diverse cohort of adult women.. International Journal of Sport and Exercise, 8, 446-463.

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Vlachopoulos, S., Ntoumanis, N., & Smith, A. L. (2010). Psychological needs in exercise scale: Translation and evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 394-412.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Garcia Bengoechea, E., Bin, X., Cheung, S., & Sylvester, B. D. (2010). Understanding sport friendships in adapted sport athletes: Does fulfilling basic psychological needs matter?. In B. D. Geranto (Ed.), Sport psychology (pp. 113-130). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The controlling interpersonal style in a coaching context: Development and initial validation of a psychometric scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(2), 193-216. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

Dimmock, J., & Banting, L. K. (2009). The influence of implicit cognitive processes on physical activity: How the theory of planned behaviour and self-determination theory can provide a platform for our understanding. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 3-22.

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Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2009). Helping your clients and patients take ownership over their exercise: Fostering exercise adoption, adherence and associated well-being. ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal, 13, 20-25.

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Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Motivation in physical education classes: A self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 194-202.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

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Research Reports

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I. D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B. D., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2017). Narcissism and coach interpersonal style: A self-determination theory perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(2), 254-261. doi: doi:10.1111/sms.12635

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Beauchamp, M. R., Miller, A., Lonsdale, C., Parker, P., & Dally, K. (2016). Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(2), 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.10.010

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Juge, N., & Fournier, J. F. (2016). Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 445-452. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0467-7

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Sebire, S., Jago, R, Kesten, J. M., Edwards, M. J., May, T., Banfield, K., Tomkinson, K., Blair, P. S., Bird E. L., & Powell J. E. (2016). Using self-determination theory to promote adolescent girls' physical activity: Exploring the theoretical fidelity of the Bristol Girls Dance Project. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 100-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.009

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Stodden, D., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediating effects of resistance training skill competency on health-related fitness and physical activity: The ATLAS cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Science, 34(8), 772-779. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1069383

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2016). Predicting sport experience during training: The role of change-oriented feedback in athletes’ motivation, self-confidence and needs satisfaction fluctuations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 45-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0210

Stenseng, F., Forest, J., & Curran, T. (2015). Positive emotions in recreational sport activities: The role of passion and belongingness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9547-y

Gunnell, K. E., & Gaudreau, P. (2015). Testing a bi-factor model to disentangle general and specific factors of motivation in self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.059

Chan, D. K. C., Dimmock, J. A., Donovan, R. J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2015). Self-determined motivation in sport predicts motivation and intention of anti-doping behaviors: A perspective from the trans-contextual model. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18, 315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.04.001

Friedrichs, S. A., Bolman, C., Oenema, A., & Lechner, L. (2015). Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach. BMC Psychology, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s40359-015-0059-2

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM): A cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.001

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R., Pollock, E., Kennedy, S. G., & Lubans, D. R. (2015). Preliminary efficacy and feasibility of embedding high intensity interval training into the school day: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 973–979. doi: doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.001

Slingerland, M, Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20, 20-35. doi: 10.1177/1356336X13496000

Sweet, S., Fortier, M., Strachan, S., Blanchard, C., & Boulay, P. (2014). Testing a longitudinal integrat- ed self-efficacy and self-deter- mination theory model for physical activity post-cardiac rehabilitation. Health Psychology Research, 2, 30-37. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.1008

Kinnafick, F. E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Duda, J. L. (2014). Physical activity adoption to adherence, lapse and dropout: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Qualitative Health Research, 24, 706-718. doi: DOI: 10.1177/1049732314528811

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2014). Within-person profiles of teachers’ motivation to teach: Associations with need satisfaction at work, need-supportive teaching, and burnout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 407-417. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.001

González-Cutre, D., Sicilia, A., Beas-Jiménez, M., & Hagger, M. S. (2014). Broadening the trans-contextual model of motivation: A study with Spanish adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24 doi: 10.1111/sms.12142

Erdvik, I., Overby, N., & Haugen, T. (2014). Students’ self-determined motivation in physical education and intention to be physically active after graduation: The role of perceived competence and identity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 232-241.

Owen, K. B, Smith, J., Lubans, D. R., Ng, J. Y. Y., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Self-determined motivation and physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 67, 270-279. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.033

Sullivan, G., Taylor, I., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Burnout in high school athletic directors. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3), 256-270. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2013.853328

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2014). The role of coaches’ passion and athletes’ motivation in the prediction of change-oriented feedback quality and quantity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 326-335. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.02.005

Mahoney, J., Gucciardi, G., Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2014). Mental Toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36, 281-292. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Barkoukis, V., Taylor, I.M., Chanal, J., & Ntoumanis, N. (2014). The relation between student motivation and student grades in PE: A three-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5, 406-414. doi: 10.1111/sms.12174

Hodge, K., Henry, G., & Smith, W. (2014). A case study of excellence in elite sport: Motivational climate in a world champion team. The Sport Psychologist, 28, 60-74.

Nascimento Junior, J. R., Vissoci, J. R. N., Balbim, G., Moreira, C. R., Pelletier, L. G., & Vieira, L. F. (2014). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties analysis of the Sport Motivation Scale-II for the Brazilian context. Revista da Educação Física, 25, 441-458. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/reveducfis.v25i3.24855

Britton, P. C., VanOrden, K. A., Hirsch, J. K., Niemiec, C. P., & Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362-371. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12074

Jago, R., Edwards, M. J., Sebire, S. J., Cooper, A. R., Powell, J. E., & Bird, E. L. (2013). Bristol girls dance project (BGDP): protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial of an after-school dance programme to increase physical activity among 11--12 year old girls. BMC Public Health, 13 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1003

De Meyer, J., Borghouts, L., Tallir, I., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Speleers, L., Aelterman, N., Van den Berghe, L., Haerens, L., & Cardon, G. (2013). Relation between observed controlling teaching behavior and students’ motivation in physical education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 541-554. doi: 10.1037/a0034399

Rocchi, M., Pelletier, L. G., & Couture, A. L. (2013). Determinants of coach motivation and autonomy supportive coaching behaviours. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 852-859. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.07.002

Rouse, Peter C., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2013). Effects of motivation and depletion on the ability to resist the temptation to avoid physical activity. Interntational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 39-56. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2012.717779

Quested, Eleanor, Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N., Viladrich, Ellen, Haug, Ellen, Ommundsen, Yngvar, Van Hoye, Aurelie, Merce, Juan, Hall, Howard K., & Zourbanos, Nikos (2013). Intentions to drop-out of youth soccer: A test of the basic needs theory amount European youth from five countries. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 395-407. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.830431

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2013). Observed need-supportive and need-thwarting teaching behavior in physical education: Do teachers' motivational orientations matter?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 650-661. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.006

Van de Berghe, L., Cardon, G., Aelterman, N., Tallir, I., Vansteenkiste, M., & Haerens, L. (2013). Emotional exhaustion and motivation in physical education teachers: A variable-centered and person-centered approach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 32, 305-320.

Ng, J. Y. Y., Ntoumanis, N., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Stott, K., & Hindle, L. (2013). Predicting psychological needs and well-being of individuals engaging in weight management. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 5, 291-310. doi: doi:10.1111/aphw.12011

Owen, K. B., Astell-Burt, T., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). The relationship between self-determined motivation and physical activity in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(3), 420-422. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.05.007

Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., Gerrard, D., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport: Motivation and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35(4), 419-432. doi: 10.1123/jsep.35.4.419

Lonsdale, C., Rosenkranz, R. R., Sanders, T., Peralta, L. R., Bennie, A., Jackson, B., Taylor, I. M., & Lubans, D. R. (2013). A cluster randomized controlled trial of strategies to increase adolescents’ physical activity and motivation in physical education: Results of the Motivating Active Learning in Physical Education (MALP) trial. Preventive Medicine, 57(5), 696-702. doi: doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.09.003

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2013). A look at autonomy-supportive change-oriented feedback in sport: The relative impact of quantity and quality. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 423-435. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.01.003

Kawabata, M., & Mallett, C. (2013). Examining discriminant validity issues of the Sport Motivation Scale-6. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31, 173-180. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.723132

Quested, E., Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N., & Maxwell, J. P. (2013). Daily fluctuations in the affective states of dancers: A cross-situational test of basic needs theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 586-595. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.02.006

Vlachopoulos, S. P., Asci, F. H., Cid, L., Ersoz, G., González-Cutre, D., Moreno-Murcia, J. A., & Moutão, J. (2013). Cross-cultural invariance of the basic psychological needs in exercise scale and need satisfaction latent mean differences among Greek, Spanish, Portuguese and Turkish samples. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 622-631. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.002

Gillet, N., Vallerand, R. J., & Paty, B. (2013). Situational motivational profiles and performance with elite performers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1200-1210. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12083

Gaston, A., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Elliot, S., & Prapavessis, H. (2013). Understanding physical activity behaviour and cognitions in pregnant women: An application of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 405-412. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.009

Pelletier, L. G., Rocchi, M. A., Vallerand, R. J., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). Validation of the revised sport motivation scale (SMS-II). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 329-341. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.002

Silva, M. N., & Teixeira, P. J. (2013). Promotion of and adherence to physical activity. In Mooren, F. C., Skinner, J. S. (Eds), Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease (pp. 727-731). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Sebire, S., Jago, R., Fox, K., Edwards, M., & Thompson, J. (2013). Testing a self-determination theory model of children’s physical activity motivation: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10, 1-9. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-111

Haerens, L., Aelterman, N., Van den Berghe, L., De Meyer, J., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2013). Observing physical education teachers’ need-supportive interactions in classroom settings. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 35, 3-17.

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Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Psychological need satisfaction and thwarting: A test of basic psychological needs theory in physical activity contexts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 599-607. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.007

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Segar, M. L., Eccles, J. S., Peck, S. C., & Richardson, C. (2007). Sex Roles. Midlife women’s physical activity goals: Socio-cultural influences and effects on behavioral regulation, 57, 837-850. doi: 10.1007/s11199-007-9322-1

Pelletier, L. G., Vallerand, R. J., & Sarrazin, P. (2007). The revised six-factor sport motivation scale (Mallett, Kawabata, Newcombe, Otero-Forero, & Jackson, 2007): Something old, something new, and something borrowed. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 615-621.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Frederick, C., , Hagger, M. S., & Smith, B. (2007). Influences of volitional and forced intentions on physical activity and effort within the theory of planned behaviour. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 699 -709.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., & Smith, B. (2007). Influences of perceived autonomy support on physical activity within the theory of planned behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 934-954.

Vansteenkiste, M., Matos, L., Lens, W., & Soenens, B. (2007). Understanding the impact of intrinsic versus extrinsic goal framing on exercise performance: The conflicting role of task and ego involvement. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 8, 771-794.

Medic, N., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., & Starkes, J. L. (2007). The effects of athletic scholarship of motivation in sport. Journal of Sport Behavior, 30, 292-306.

Vierling, K. K., Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2007). Predicting attitudes and physical activity in an "at-risk" minority youth sample: A test of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 795-817.

Donahue, E., Miquelon, P., Valois, P., Goulet, C., & Buist, A. (2006). A motivational model of performance-enhancing substance use in elite athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 511-520.

Reinboth, M., & Duda J. L. (2006). Perceived motivational climate, need satisfaction and indices of well-being in team sports: A longitudinal perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 269–286.

Nuñez, J. L., Albo, J. M., Navarro, J. G., & Gonzalėz, V. M. (2006). Preliminary validation of a Spanish version of the Sport Motivation Scale. Perceptual And Motor Skills, 102, 919-930.

Wang, C. K. J., & Koh, T. H. M. (2006). Sport ability beliefs, self-determination and beliefs about the purposes of physical education among Singaporean potential preservice teachers. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science, 3, 25-34.

Wang, C. K. J., Chia, M., Quek, J. J., & Liu, W. C. (2006). Patterns of physical activity, sedentary behaviours and psychological determinants among Singaporean school children. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 4, 227-249.

Cumming, S. P., Battista, R. A., Standage, M., Ewing, M. E., & Malina, R. M (2006). Estimated maturity status and perceptions of adult autonomy support in youth soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, 1039-1046.

Segar, M. L., Sprujit-Metz, D., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2006). Go figure? Body-shaping motives are associated with decreased physical activity participation among midlife women. Sex Roles, 55, 175-187. doi: 10.1007/s11199-006-9336-5

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., Smith, B., & Sage, L. D. (2006). The influences of intrinsic motivation on execution of social behavior within the theory of planned behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 229-237.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Barkoukis, V., Wang, C. K. J., & Baranowski, J. (2005). Perceived autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A cross- cultural evaluation of the trans-contextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 287-301.

Cunningham, J., Wild, T. C., & Koski-Jannes, A. (2005). Motivation and life events: A prospective natural history pilot study of problem drinkers in the community. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 1603-1606.

Mallett, C. (2005). Self-determination theory: A case study of evidence-based coaching. The Sport Psychologist, 19, 417-429.

Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A prospective study of participation in optional school physical education based on self-determination theory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 444-453.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L, & Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A test of self-determination theory in school physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 411-433.

Ntoumanis, N., & Vazou, S. (2005). Peer motivational climate in youth sport: Measurement development and validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 432-455.

McNeil, M., & Wang, C. K. J. (2005). Psychological profiles of elite sports players in Singapore. Psychology of Exercise and Sport, 6, 117-128.

Amiot, C. E., Gaudreau, P., & Blanchard, C. M. (2004). Self-determination, coping, and goal attainment in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 396-411.

Mallett, C., & Hanrahan, S. J. (2004). Elite athletes: Why does the ‘fire’ burn so brightly?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5, 183-200.

Wang, C. K. J., Ang, P. R., Teo-Koh, S. M., & Kahlid, A. (2004). Motivational predictors of young adolescents’ participation in an outdoor adventure course: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 4, 57-65.

Pelletier, L. G., Dion, S., & Levesque, C. S. (2004). Can self-determination help protect women against sociocultural influences about body image and reduce their risk of experiencing bulimic symptoms?. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 61-88.

Reinboth, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2004). Dimensions of coaching behavior, need satisfaction, and the psychological and physical welfare of young athletes. Motivation and Emotion, 28, 297-313. doi: 10.1023/B:MOEM.0000040156.81924.b8

Ntoumanis, N., Pensgaard, A. M., Martin, C., & Pipe, K. (2004). An ideographic analysis of amotivation in compulsory school physical education. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 197-214.

Prusak, K. A (2004). The effects of choice on the motivation of adolescent girls in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23, 19-29.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Culverhouse, T., & (2003). The process by which perceived autonomy support in physical education promotes leisure-time physical activity intentions and behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 784-795.

Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Bargmann, K. (2003). Autonomy support and need satisfaction in the motivation and well-being of gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 372-390.

Vansteenkiste, M., & Deci, E. L. (2003). Competitively contingent rewards and intrinsic motivation: Can losers remain motivated?. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 273-299.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). Predicting motivational regulations in physical education: The interplay between dispositional goal orientations, motivational climate and perceived competence. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 621-647.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). A model of contextual motivation in physical education: Using constructs and tenets from self-determination and goal perspective theories to predict leisure-time exercise intentions. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 97-110.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity, reliability, and invariance of the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS) across diverse physical activity contexts. Sport Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity reliability and invariance of the situational motivation scale SIMS across diverse physical activity contexts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Frederick, C., & Schuster-Smith, H. (2003). Competition and intrinsic motivation in physical activity: A comparison of two groups. Journal of Sport Behavior, 26, 240-254.

Mageau, G. A., & Vallerand, R. J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Science, 21, 883-904.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (2002). The influence of autonomous and controlling motives on physical activity intentions within the theory of planned behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 283-297.

Sarrazin, P., Vallerand, R. J., Guillet, E., Pelletier, L. G., & Cury, F. (2002). Motivation and dropout in female handballers: A 21-month prospective study. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 395-418.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., & Fraser, S. N. (2002). Cross-validation of the revised Motivation for Physical Activity Measure in active women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 471-477.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2002). Putting theory into practice: Enhancing motivation through OPTIMAL strategies. Avante, 8, 21-29.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., , & Karageorghis, C. (2002). The cognitive processes by which perceived locus of causality predicts participation in physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 685-699.

Ntoumanis, N. (2002). Motivational clusters in a sample of British physical education classes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 177-194.

Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2002). Relationship among achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 87-103.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 225-242.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 397-409.

Spray, C. M., & Wang, C. K. J. (2001). Goal orientations, self-determination, and pupils’ discipline in physical education. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 903-913.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2000). Putting theory into practice: How cognitive evaluation theory can help us better understand how to motivate children in physical activity environments. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 71, 44-49.

, Soos, I., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (1999). Predicting physical activity intentions using goal perspectives and self-determination theory approaches. European Psychologist, 4, 83-89.

Kowal, J., & Fortier, M. S. (1999). Motivational determinants of flow: Contributions from self-determination theory. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 355-368.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (1998). Functional significance of psychological variables that are included in the theory of planned behaviour: A self-determination theory approach to the study of attitudes, subjective norms, perceptions of control and intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 303-322.

Green-Demers, I., Pelletier, L. G., Stewart, D. G., & Gushue, N. R. (1998). Coping with less interesting aspects of training: Toward a model of interest and motivation enhancement in individual sports. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 251-261.

Markland, D. A., & Hardy, L. (1997). On the factorial and construct validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: Conceptual and operational concerns. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 20-32.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., , & Meek, G. A. (1997). A self-determination theory approach to the study of intentions and the intention-behaviour relationship in children's physical activity.. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2, 343-360.

Reeve, J., & Deci, E. L. (1996). Elements within the competitive situation that affect intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 24-33.

Chantal, Y., Guay, F., Dobreva-Martinova, T., & Vallerand, R. J. (1996). Motivation and elite performance: An exploratory investigation with Bulgarian athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27, 173-182.

Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., & Brière, N. M. (1995). Toward a new measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation in sports: The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17, 35-53.

Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Brière, N. M., & Provencher, P. J. (1995). Competitive and recreational sport structures and gender: A test of their relationship with sport motivation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, 24-39.

Goudas, M., Biddle, S. J. H., & Underwood, M. (1995). A prospective study of the relationships between motivational orientations and perceived competence with intrinsic motivation and achievement in a teacher education course. Educational Psychology, 15, 89-96.

Goudas, M., , & Fox, K. (1994). Perceived locus of causality, goal orientations, and perceived competence in school physical education classes. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 453-463.

Vallerand, R. J., & Losier, G. F. (1994). Self-determined motivation and sportsmanship orientations: An assessment of their temporal relationship. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 229-245.

Whitehead, J. R., & Corbin, C. B. (1991). Youth fitness testing: The effect of percentile-based evaluative feedback on intrinsic motivation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 62, 225-231.

Kreipe, R. E., Strauss, J., Hodgman, C. H., & Ryan, R. M. (1989). Menstrual abnormalities and subclinical eating disorders. Psychosomatic Medicine, 51, 81-86.

McAuley, E., & Tammen, V. V. (1989). The effects of subjective and objective competitive outcomes on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Exercise and Sport Psychology, 11, 84-93.

Strauss, J., & Ryan, R. M. (1988). Cognitive dysfunction in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 7, 19-27.

Vallerand, R. J., Gauvin, L. I., & Halliwel, W. R. (1986). Effects of zero-sum competition on children's intrinsic motivation and perceived competence. The Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 465-472.

Vallerand, R. J., & Reid, G. (1984). On the causal effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation: A test of cognitive evaluation theory. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 94-102.

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Organizations and Work

Research Reports in Virtual Environments and Video Games

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

Akin, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking., 15, 404-410. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., , Lynch, M. F., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). The ideal self at play: The appeal of video games that let you be all you can be. Psychological Science, 23, 69–76. doi: 10.1177/0956797611418676

Tamborini, R., Grizzard, M., Bowman, N. D., Reinecke, L., & Eden, A. (2011). Media enjoyment as need satisfaction: The contribution of hedonic and nonhedonic needs. Journal of Communication, 61, 1025-1042. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01593.x

Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A., Grizzard, M., & Organ, A. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758–777. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01513.x

King, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2009). Motivational differences in problem video game play. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 2, 139-149.

Wang, C. K. J., Liu, W. C., & Khoo, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 in internet gaming. Current Psychology, 28, 194–201.

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 485-492.

Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Segar, M. L., Guérin, E., Phillips, E., & Fortier, M. S. (2016). From vital sign to vitality: Selling exercise so patients want to buy it. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1(11), 97-102. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000015

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Mahoney, J. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Gordon, S., & Ntoumanis, N. (2016). Training a coach to be autonomy‐supportive: An avenue for nurturing mental toughness. In S. Cotterill, N. Weston, and G. Breslin (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology: Practitioner case studies (pp. 193-214). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Quested, E. (2016). Antecedents of need supportive and controlling interpersonal styles from a self-determination theory perspective: A review and implications for sport psychology research. In Raab, M., Wylleman, P., Seiler, R., Elbe, A.M., and Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: From Theory to Practice (pp. 144-180). London, UK: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803634-1.00007-8

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Segar, M. L. (2015). The right why: The surprising start to cultivating sustainable behavior change. Journal of the American Society on Aging, 39(1), 15-19.

Segar, M. L. (2015). No Sweat: How the Simple Science of Motivation Can Bring You a Lifetime of Fitness. New York: AMACOM.

Pelletier, L. G., & Aitken, N. (2014). Encouraging Environmental Actions in Employees and in the Working Environment: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. In M. Gagné (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory (pp. 314-334). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Dagenais-Desmarais, V., Forest, J., Girouard, S., & Crevier-Braud, L. (2014). The importance of need supportive relationships for motivation and well-being at work. In N. Weinstein (Ed.), Human motivation and interpersonal relationship: Theory, research, and application (pp. 263-297). Netherlands: Springer.

Vallerand, R. J., Houlfort, N., & Forest, J. (2014). Passion for work: Determinants and outcomes. In M. Gagné (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory (pp. 85-105). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Forest, J., Gilbert, M.-H, Beaulieu, G., Le Brock, P., & Gagné, M. (2014). Translating research results in economic terms: An application of economic utility analysis using SDT-based interventions. In M. Gagné (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory (pp. 335-346). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Segar, M. L., & Richardson, C. R. (2014). Prescribing pleasure and meaning: Cultivating walking motivation and maintenance. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 838-841. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.001

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2014). The importance of universal psychological needs for understanding motivation in the workplace. In M. Gagne, The Oxford handbook of work engagement, motivation, and self-determination theory (pp. 13-32). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Spence, G. B., & Deci, E. L. (2013). Self-determination theory within coaching contexts: Supporting motives and goals that promote well-being and effective performance. In Clutterbuck, D. Megginson, & S. David (Eds.), Beyond Goals: Effective Strategies for Coaching and Mentoring (pp. 85-108). London: Gower Publishing.

Strachan, Shaelyn M., Fortier, M. S., Perras, Melanie G. M., & Lugg, Carrie (2013). Understanding variations in exercise-dentity strength through identity theory and self-determination theory. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 273-285. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.749005

Guerin, Eva, Fortier, M. S., & Sweet, Shane N. (2013). An experience sampling study of physical activity and positive affect: investigating the role of situational motivation and perceived intensity across time. Health Psychology Research, 1, 100-110. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e21

Sweet, Shane N., Fortier, M. S., Strachan, Shaelyn M., & Blanchard, Chris M. (2012). Testing and integrating self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory in a physical activity context. Canadian Psychololgy, 53, 319-327. doi: 10.1037/a0030280

Guerin, Eva, Bales, Elena, Sweet, Shane N., & Fortier, M. S. (2012). A meta-analysis of the influence of gender on self-determination theory's motivational regulations for physical activity. Canadian Psychology, 53, 291-300. doi: 10.1037/a0030215

Ntoumanis, N. (2012). A self-determination theory perspective on motivation in sport and physical education: Current trends and possible future research directions. In G.C. Roberts and D. C. Treasure, Advances in Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3 (pp. 91-128). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Fortier, M. S., Duda, J. L., Guerin, E., & Teixeira, P. J. (2012). Promoting physical activity: Development and testing of self-determination theory-based interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 1-14.

Gagné, M., & Bhave, D. (2011). Autonomy in the workplace: An essential ingredient to employee engagement and well-being in every culture. In V. I. Chirkov, R. M. Ryan & K. M. Sheldon (Eds.), Human autonomy in cross-cultural context: Perspectives on the psychology of agency, freedom, and well-being (pp. 163-187). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Fortier, M. S., Wiseman, Elizabeth, Sweet, Shane N., O'Sullivan, Tracey L., Blanchard, Chris M., Sigal, Ronald J., & Hogg, William (2011). A moderated mediation of motivation on physical activity in the context of the physical activity counseling randomized control trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 71-78. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.001

Pearson, E. S. (2011). The ‘how-to’ of health behaviour change brought to life: A theoretical analysis of the Co-Active coaching model and its underpinnings in self-determination theory. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 4, 89-103.

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and the darker side of athletic experience: The role of interpersonal control and need thwarting. Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 23-27.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2010). Psychological needs and the prediction of exercise-related cognitions and affect among an ethnically diverse cohort of adult women.. International Journal of Sport and Exercise, 8, 446-463.

Lightheart, V. L., Wilson, P. M., & Oster, K. (2010). Strength versus balance: The contributions of two different models of psychological need satisfaction to well-being in adapted sport athletes. In I. E. Wells (Ed.), Psychological well-being (pp. 157-170). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Vlachopoulos, S., Ntoumanis, N., & Smith, A. L. (2010). Psychological needs in exercise scale: Translation and evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 394-412.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Garcia Bengoechea, E., Bin, X., Cheung, S., & Sylvester, B. D. (2010). Understanding sport friendships in adapted sport athletes: Does fulfilling basic psychological needs matter?. In B. D. Geranto (Ed.), Sport psychology (pp. 113-130). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The controlling interpersonal style in a coaching context: Development and initial validation of a psychometric scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(2), 193-216. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

Dimmock, J., & Banting, L. K. (2009). The influence of implicit cognitive processes on physical activity: How the theory of planned behaviour and self-determination theory can provide a platform for our understanding. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 3-22.

Ryan, R. M., Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. L. (2009). Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 6, 107-124.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2009). Helping your clients and patients take ownership over their exercise: Fostering exercise adoption, adherence and associated well-being. ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal, 13, 20-25.

Gagné, M. (2009). A model of knowledge sharing motivation. Human Resource Management, 48, 571-589.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24, 29-48.

Wilson, P. M., Gregson, J. P., & Mack, D. E. (2009). The importance of interpersonal style in competitive sport: A self-determination theory approach. In C. H. Chang (Ed.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 259-276). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Motivation in physical education classes: A self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 194-202.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

Duda, J. L., & Treasure, D. (2009). Motivational processes and the facilitation of quality engagement in sport. In J. M. Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychologyMountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Gagné, M., & Forest, J. (2008). The study of compensation systems through the lens of self-determination theory: Reconciling 35 years of debate. Canadian Psychology, 49, 225–232.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Grattan, K. P. (2008). Understanding motivation for exercise: A self-determination theory perspective. Canadian Psychology, 49, 250-256.

Silva, M. N., Teixeira, P. J., Markland, D. A., Minderico, C. S., Vieira, P. N., Castro, M. M., Coutinho, S.S., Santos, T. C., Matos. M.G., & Sardinha, L. B. (2008). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: Rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health, 8, 234-247.

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Wang, C.K.J., & (2007). Understanding young people’s motivation toward exercise: An integration of sport ability beliefs, achievement goal theory, and self-determination theory. In M.S. Hagger & N.L.D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 193-208). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics..

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Research Reports

Huyghebaert, T., Gillet, N., Fernet, C., Lahiani, F.-J., & Fouquereau, E. (2018). Leveraging psychosocial safety climate to prevent ill-being: The mediating role of psychological need thwarting. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 107, 111-125. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2018.03.010

Sandrin, E., & Gillet, N. (2018). Determinants and consequences of workaholism among French workers. Psychologie Française, 63, 1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psfr.2016.06.001

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Self-determination theory in human resource development: New directions and practical considerations. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 20(2), 133-147. doi: 10.1177/1523422318756954

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I. D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B. D., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2017). Narcissism and coach interpersonal style: A self-determination theory perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(2), 254-261. doi: doi:10.1111/sms.12635

Gillet, N., Becker, C., Lafrenière, M.-A. K., Huart, I., & Fouquereau, E. (2017). Organizational support, job resources, soldiers’ motivational profiles, work engagement, and affect. Military Psychology, 29, 418-433. doi: 10.1037/mil0000179

Gillet, N., Morin, A. J. S., Cougot, B., & Gagné, M. (2017). Workaholism profiles: Associations with determinants, correlates, and outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 90(4), 559–586. doi: 10.1111/joop.12185

Olafsen, A. H. (2017). The implications of need-satisfying work climates on state mindfulness in a longitudinal analysis of work outcomes. Motivation and Emotion, 41 (1), 22-37. doi: 10.1007/s11031-016-9592-4

Deci, E. L., Olafsen, A. H., & Ryan, R. M. (2017). Self-determination theory in work organizations: The state of a science. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 4, 19-43. doi: 10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032516-113108

Olafsen, A. H., Niemiec, C. P., Halvari, H., Deci, E. L., & Williams, G. C. (2017). On the dark side of work: A longitudinal analysis using self-determination theory. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(2), 275-285. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2016.1257611

Thibault Landry, A., Kindlein, J., Trépanier, S.-G., Forest, J., Zigarmi, D., Houson, D., & Brodbeck, F. C (2016). Why individuals want money matters: Using self-determination theory to explain the differential relations between motives for making money and employee psychological health. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 226-242. doi: 10.1007/s11031-015-9532-8

Gillet, N., Fouquereau, E., Huyghebaert, T., & Colombat, P. (2016). Effets du soutien organisationnel perçu et des caractéristiques de l'emploi sur l'anxiété au travail et l'épuisement professionnel: Le rôle médiateur de la satisfaction des besoins psychologiques. Psychologie Française, 61, 73-81. doi: 10.1016/j.psfr.2014.05.004

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Beauchamp, M. R., Miller, A., Lonsdale, C., Parker, P., & Dally, K. (2016). Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(2), 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.10.010

Kuvaas, B., Buch, R., Gagné, M., Dysvik, A., & Forest, J. (2016). Do you get what you pay for? Sales incentives and implications for motivation and changes in turnover intention and work effort. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 667-680. doi: 10.1007/s11031-016-9574-6

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Juge, N., & Fournier, J. F. (2016). Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 445-452. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0467-7

Sandrin, E., & Gillet, N. (2016). Le workaholisme et l'engagement dans les études: Des mécanismes explicatifs dans les relations entre la frustration des besoins psychologiques et le mal-être des étudiants. Pratiques Psychologiques, 22(4), 317-334. doi: 10.1016/j.prps.2016.02.003

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Kullgren, J. T., Williams, G. C., Resnicow, K., An, L. C., Rothberg, A., Volpp, K. G., & Heisler, M. (2016). The promise of tailoring incentives for healthy behaviors. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 9(1), 2-16. doi: 10.1108/IJWHM-12-2014-0060

Gillet, N., Fouquereau, E., Lafrenière, M.-A. K., & Huyghebaert, T. (2016). Examining the roles of work autonomous and controlled motivations on satisfaction and anxiety as a function of role ambiguity. The Journal of Psychology, 150, 644-655. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2016.1154811

Sebire, S., Jago, R, Kesten, J. M., Edwards, M. J., May, T., Banfield, K., Tomkinson, K., Blair, P. S., Bird E. L., & Powell J. E. (2016). Using self-determination theory to promote adolescent girls' physical activity: Exploring the theoretical fidelity of the Bristol Girls Dance Project. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 100-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.009

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Stodden, D., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediating effects of resistance training skill competency on health-related fitness and physical activity: The ATLAS cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Science, 34(8), 772-779. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1069383

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2016). Predicting sport experience during training: The role of change-oriented feedback in athletes’ motivation, self-confidence and needs satisfaction fluctuations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 45-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0210

Spehar, I., Forest, J., & Stenseng, F. (2016). Passion for work, job satisfaction, and the mediating role of belongingness. Journal of Organizational Psychology, 8, 17-26.

Howard, J., Gagné, M., Morin, A. J. S., & van den Broeck, A. (2016). Motivation profiles at work: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 95, 74-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2016.07.004

Trépanier, S.-G., Forest, J., Fernet, C., & Austin, S. (2015). On the psychological and motivational processes linking job characteristics to employee functioning: Insights from self-determination theory. Work and Stress, 29, 286-305. doi: 10.1080/02678373.2015.1074957

Gillet, N., Forest, J., Benabou, C., & Bentein, K. (2015). The effects of organizational factors, psychological need satisfaction and thwarting, and affective commitment on workers’ well-being and turnover intentions. Le Travail Humain, 78, 119-140. doi: 10.3917/th.782.0119

Gillet, N., Fouquereau, E., Huyghebaert, T., & Colombat, P. (2015). The effects of job demands and organizational resources through psychological need satisfaction and thwarting. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 18, 1-19. doi: 10.1017/sjp.2015.30

Gillet, N., Forest, J., Girouard, S., & Crevier-Braud, L. (2015). Justice organisationnelle et intentions de quitter: Le rôle médiateur du bien-être eudémonique. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie, 36, 127-144.

Stenseng, F., Forest, J., & Curran, T. (2015). Positive emotions in recreational sport activities: The role of passion and belongingness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9547-y

Olafsen, A. H., Halvari, H., Forest, J., & Deci, E. L. (2015). Show them the money? The role of pay, autonomy support, and justice in a self-determination theory model of intrinsic work motivation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 56(4), 447-457. doi: 0.1111/sjop.12211

Gillet, N., Lafrenière, M.-A., Huyghebaert, T., & Fouquereau, E. (2015). Autonomous and controlled reasons underlying achievement goals: Implications for the 3 x 2 achievement goal model in educational and work settings. Motivation and Emotion, 39, 858-875. doi: 10.1007/s11031-015-9505-y

Gunnell, K. E., & Gaudreau, P. (2015). Testing a bi-factor model to disentangle general and specific factors of motivation in self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.059

Guntert, S. (2015). The impact of work design, autonomy support, and strategy on employee outcomes: A differentiated perspective on self-determination at work. Motivation and Emotion, 39, 99-103. doi: 10.1007/s11031-014-9412-7

Chan, D. K. C., Dimmock, J. A., Donovan, R. J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2015). Self-determined motivation in sport predicts motivation and intention of anti-doping behaviors: A perspective from the trans-contextual model. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18, 315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.04.001

Friedrichs, S. A., Bolman, C., Oenema, A., & Lechner, L. (2015). Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach. BMC Psychology, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s40359-015-0059-2

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM): A cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.001

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R., Pollock, E., Kennedy, S. G., & Lubans, D. R. (2015). Preliminary efficacy and feasibility of embedding high intensity interval training into the school day: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 973–979. doi: doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.001

Wilkesmann, U. (2015). Imaginary contradictions of university governance. In I. Welpe, J. Wollersheim, S. Ringelhan & M. Osterloh (Eds.), Incentives and Performance (pp. 189 - 205). Switzerland: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09785-5_12

Trépanier, S., Fernet, C., & Austin, S. (2014). A longitudinal investigation of workplace bullying, basic need satisfaction, and employee functioning. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 105-116. doi: 1076-8998/15

Slingerland, M, Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20, 20-35. doi: 10.1177/1356336X13496000

Sweet, S., Fortier, M., Strachan, S., Blanchard, C., & Boulay, P. (2014). Testing a longitudinal integrat- ed self-efficacy and self-deter- mination theory model for physical activity post-cardiac rehabilitation. Health Psychology Research, 2, 30-37. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.1008

Nie, Y., Chua, B. L., Yeung, A. S., Ryan, R. M., & Chan, W. Y. (2014). The importance of autonomy support and the mediating role of work motivation for well-being: Testing self-determination theory in a Chinese work organisation. International Journal of Psychology, 50, 245-255. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12110

Dubreuil, P., Forest, J., & Courcy, F. (2014). From strengths use to work performance: The role of harmonious passion, subjective vitality, and concentration. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 335-349. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2014.898318

Janssen, S., Van Vurren, M., & De Jong, M. D. T. (2014). Motives to mentor: Self-focused, protégé-focused, relationship-focused, organization-focused, and unfocused motives. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85, 266-275. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.08.002

Kinnafick, F. E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Duda, J. L. (2014). Physical activity adoption to adherence, lapse and dropout: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Qualitative Health Research, 24, 706-718. doi: DOI: 10.1177/1049732314528811

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2014). Within-person profiles of teachers’ motivation to teach: Associations with need satisfaction at work, need-supportive teaching, and burnout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 407-417. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.001

González-Cutre, D., Sicilia, A., Beas-Jiménez, M., & Hagger, M. S. (2014). Broadening the trans-contextual model of motivation: A study with Spanish adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24 doi: 10.1111/sms.12142

Erdvik, I., Overby, N., & Haugen, T. (2014). Students’ self-determined motivation in physical education and intention to be physically active after graduation: The role of perceived competence and identity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 232-241.

Owen, K. B, Smith, J., Lubans, D. R., Ng, J. Y. Y., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Self-determined motivation and physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 67, 270-279. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.033

Sullivan, G., Taylor, I., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Burnout in high school athletic directors. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3), 256-270. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2013.853328

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2014). The role of coaches’ passion and athletes’ motivation in the prediction of change-oriented feedback quality and quantity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 326-335. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.02.005

Mahoney, J., Gucciardi, G., Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2014). Mental Toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36, 281-292. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Barkoukis, V., Taylor, I.M., Chanal, J., & Ntoumanis, N. (2014). The relation between student motivation and student grades in PE: A three-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5, 406-414. doi: 10.1111/sms.12174

Wilkesmann, U., & Schmid, C. J. (2014). Intrinsic and internalized modes of teaching motivation. Evidence-based HRM, 2, 6-27. doi: 10.1108/EBHRM-07-2013-0022

Hodge, K., Henry, G., & Smith, W. (2014). A case study of excellence in elite sport: Motivational climate in a world champion team. The Sport Psychologist, 28, 60-74.

Trépanier, S.-G., Fernet, C., Austin, S., Forest, J., & Vallerand, R. J. (2014). Linking job demands and resources to burnout and work engagement: Does passion for work underlie these differential relationships?. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 353-366. doi: 10.1007/s11031-013-9384-z

Nascimento Junior, J. R., Vissoci, J. R. N., Balbim, G., Moreira, C. R., Pelletier, L. G., & Vieira, L. F. (2014). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties analysis of the Sport Motivation Scale-II for the Brazilian context. Revista da Educação Física, 25, 441-458. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/reveducfis.v25i3.24855

Britton, P. C., VanOrden, K. A., Hirsch, J. K., Niemiec, C. P., & Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362-371. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12074

Rosen, C., Ferris, L., Brown, D., Chen, Y., & Yan, M. (2014). Perceptions of organizational politics: A need satisfaction paradigm. Organization Science, 1026-1055. doi: 10.1287/orsc.2013.0857

Trépanier, S. G., Fernet, C., & Austin, S. (2013). Workplace psychological harassment among Canadian nurses: A descriptive study. Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 383-396. doi: 10.1177/1359105312443401

Trépanier, S. G., Fernet, C., & Austin, S. (2013). The moderating role of autonomous motivation in the job demands-strain relation: A two sample study. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 93-105. doi: 10.1007/s11031-012-9290-9

Jago, R., Edwards, M. J., Sebire, S. J., Cooper, A. R., Powell, J. E., & Bird, E. L. (2013). Bristol girls dance project (BGDP): protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial of an after-school dance programme to increase physical activity among 11--12 year old girls. BMC Public Health, 13 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1003

De Meyer, J., Borghouts, L., Tallir, I., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Speleers, L., Aelterman, N., Van den Berghe, L., Haerens, L., & Cardon, G. (2013). Relation between observed controlling teaching behavior and students’ motivation in physical education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 541-554. doi: 10.1037/a0034399

Rocchi, M., Pelletier, L. G., & Couture, A. L. (2013). Determinants of coach motivation and autonomy supportive coaching behaviours. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 852-859. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.07.002

Janssen, S., Van Vuuren, M., & De Jong, M. D. T. (2013). Identifying support functions in developmental relationships: A self-determination perspective. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82, 20-29. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.09.005

Rouse, Peter C., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2013). Effects of motivation and depletion on the ability to resist the temptation to avoid physical activity. Interntational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 39-56. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2012.717779

Quested, Eleanor, Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N., Viladrich, Ellen, Haug, Ellen, Ommundsen, Yngvar, Van Hoye, Aurelie, Merce, Juan, Hall, Howard K., & Zourbanos, Nikos (2013). Intentions to drop-out of youth soccer: A test of the basic needs theory amount European youth from five countries. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 395-407. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.830431

Fernet, C., Austin, S., Trépanier, S. G., & Dussault, M. (2013). How do job characteristics contribute to burnout? Exploring the distinct mediating roles of perceived autonomy, competence, and relatedness. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22, 123-137. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2011.632161

Fernet, C. (2013). The role of work motivation in psychological health. Canadian Psychology, 54, 72-74. doi: 10.1037/a0031058

Gillet, N., Colombat, P., Michinov, E., Provost, A. M., & Fouquereau, E. (2013). Procedural justice, supervisor autonomy support, work satisfaction, organizational identification, and job performance: The mediating role of need satisfaction and perceived organizational support. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69, 2560-2571. doi: 10.1111/jan.12144

Gillet, N., Huart, I., Colombat, P., & Fourquereau, E. (2013). Perceived organizational support, motivation, and engagement among police officers. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 44, 46-55. doi: 10.1037/a0030066

Dysvik, A., Kuvaas, B., & Gagné, M. (2013). An investigation of the unique relations between basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1050-1064. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12068

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2013). Observed need-supportive and need-thwarting teaching behavior in physical education: Do teachers' motivational orientations matter?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 650-661. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.006

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