News

Social Issues

Social Issues

Overview

Our increasingly multicultural societies are confronting hard social issues like prejudice, stigma, and victimization. Self-determination theory puts satisfaction of basic needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness – or a lack thereof – at the core of these problematic social issues. When people are in need supportive environments, they tend to be inclusive and help others. However, when people are in environments that thwart their basic needs, they tend to express prejudice and aggress on others. This seems to set off a vicious cycle whereby those hurtful behaviors further thwart basic psychological needs, and the needs of those they hurt. Finally, the key to intervening on these problems is providing support for basic psychological needs – especially the need for autonomy, as being prosocial and inclusive aligns with most people’s deeply-held values. 

In Practice

Prejudice: Though national trends show a decline in racism, sexism, and homophobia over the past several decades, these and other prejudices still abound throughout society. Work in SDT tries to understand this gap, in part, by examining the quality of people’s motivation to regulate their prejudice. When people are autonomous in their desire to regulate their prejudice, it stems from their core values and beliefs, and they have a higher quality of motivation to monitor the stereotypes and prejudice they may hold. In contrast, people who are controlled in their motives to regulate their prejudice do not express prejudice out of fear of being criticized or sanctioned (e.g., at work), and this poorer form of prejudice regulation predicts higher levels of explicit and implicit prejudice. Interventions that support people’s autonomy are more effective at reducing prejudice because they help people to better internalize the value of not acting on prejudice. Conversely, prejudice-reduction interventions that are controlling (even if well-intentioned) exacerbate the problem of prejudice as they promote this poorer form of prejudice regulation. 

Bullying: Parents and teachers play a key role in protecting against bullying behavior. Studies show that controlling parenting styles are a risk factor for kids engaging in face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying, whereas autonomy-supportive parenting styles buffer against both types of bulling. Similarly, teachers that are more autonomy supportive tend to foster more inclusive behavior among students, whereas controlling teachers produce more bullying behavior. This suggests, again, the potential for autonomy-supportive interventions to curb bullying and other aggressive behaviors in youth.

Stigma: Those who have a stigmatized, or socially devalued, identity are often on the receiving end of prejudice and bullying, and for this reason, they show higher rates of mental and physical health problems. Work in SDT shows that autonomy-supportive relationships can act as a buffering factor to these health disparities by helping them to express and accept their stigmatized identity. For example, studies with lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals reveal that autonomy-supportive relationships (parents, friends, co-workers) protect mental and physical health because they allow people to be ‘out’ about their sexual identity. In other words, autonomy support allows people to be their authentic selves, including expressing parts of themselves that are socially devalued, and this greatly benefits health.

Take-aways 

  • Need satisfaction is at the core of problematic social behaviors like bullying, ostracism, and discrimination. There seems to be a vicious cycle of need thwarting environments giving rise to problematic behavior, and in turn, engaging in this problematic behavior further thwarts basic psychological needs. 
  • Autonomy support is effective at reducing these problem behaviors, whereas control can make the problem worse.
  • It seems, then, that a core aspect of providing autonomy support to others – to children, a spouse, friends, coworkers, students – is embracing diversity, and accepting others in all of their diverse identities and perspectives.

Covid-19

From all of us at CSDT…we’re here through this journey with you to provide information and resources to support your learning and well-being at this time.


RESOURCES

Support Resources for Remote Teams and Individuals

In times like these where many are working remotely, it’s important to keep teams and colleagues engaged and afloat. So motivationWorks, led by Scott Rigby and SDT cofounders, have rolled out free on-line tools and resources to both assess and help maintain motivation, coping and well-being. 

READ MORE


Communication Principles and Strategies for Providers of Covid-19 Patients

Based on SDT principles, Kenneth Resnicow and colleagues developed resources to support practitioner communication skills during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

READ MORE


Facebook Group Page on SDT & COVID Research

Let’s connect and help each other make a difference – Join us on our Facebook Group.

JOIN US


STUDIES IN PROGRESS

Motivating Messages About Social Distancing

Do autonomy-supportive messages help people internalize the value of social distancing, and do controlling messages backfire? These are the questions SDT researchers, Nicole Legate, Thuy-vy Ngyuen, Netta Weinstein, Arlen Moller & Lisa Legault are exploring as part of a larger Covid-19 Psychological Science Accelerator project. 

READ MORE


How Motivated Are Citizens to Adhere to Prevention Measures?

To what extent are Belgian citizens motivated to stick to governmental measures to limit the spread of the virus? A study in progress by researchers at Ghent University led by Maarten Vansteenkiste and Bart Soens examines the role of citizens’ motivation in following prevention measures over time.  

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How have you been dealing with this? Study looking at strategies to deal with Covid19

International and cross-cultural study developed in collaboration with the University of Algeria (Spain) and the Meaning-Centered Counseling Institute (Canada). Survey takes 20 minutes for adults 18+. Your help will help us.

READ MORE & PARTICIPATE


‘Meaning’ in the Coronavirus Crisis

Based on SDT principles, SDT scholar Frank Martela and team in Finland are running a daily diary study on meaning during this crisis. Looking at daily meaningfulness, basic psychological needs, fear, vitality and other constructs. 

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SDT in Online Learning

Are you an online learner? If you have taken and/or taking online classes for your undergrad or grad education, please consider participating in our research study on online learner motivation.

READ MORE & PARTICIPATE


Stories From the Front Line of the COVID-19 Crisis

A proposed study by Lesley-Ann Guntonexplores the experiences including need satisfaction and frustration of vital key workers during this crisis such as retail workers in grocery stores, carers, and delivery drivers. 

READ MORE


ARTICLES & PERSPECTIVES

Health Surveillance During Covid-19 Pandemic

New health surveillance technologies use machine learning and automated decision making to track people’s digital footprints, identify those who are potentially infected, trace their contacts, and enforce social distancing. These technologies can facilitate autonomy, but also can threaten it. In this just-released editorial in BMJ, Rafael Calvo, Sebastian Deterding & Richard Ryan look at this topic and why autonomy matters in digital tracing.

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The Impact of Environmental Threat on Controlling Parenting

Timely new SDT article contributes to the fight against the detrimental consequences of the Covid-19 crisis on parenting. Study by Jean-Michel Robichaud, Mélodie Roy, Francis Ranger, & Geneviève A. Mageau reveals significant link from environmental threats to children’s controlled motivation.

READ MORE


Is Sweden’s coronavirus strategy more psychologically sustainable?

Radio Sweden spoke to Karin Weman Josefsso, an SDT scholar at Halmstad University, to find out if one approach could be more psychologically sustainable than the other.

LISTEN


British Columbia approach to COVID-19

Interesting thoughts on motivation for social distancing in this article citing SDT researcher Fred Grouzet who says British Columbia is taking a correct approach to COVID-19.

READ NEWS ARTICLE


Covid-19 Project: “Motivating Messages About Social Distancing”

April 16, 2020 by Shannon

Do autonomy-supportive messages help people internalize the value of social distancing, and do controlling messages backfire? These are the questions SDT researchers, Nicole Legate, Thuy-vy Ngyuen, Netta Weinstein, Arlen Moller & Lisa Legault are exploring as part of a larger Covid-19 Psychological Science Accelerator project. 

Continue Reading

Virtual Environments

Featured Articles

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Research Reports

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Masur, P, K., Reinecke, L., Ziegele, M., & Quiring, O (2014). The interplay of intrinsic need satisfaction and facebook specific motives in explaining addictive behavior on facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 376-386. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.047

Williams, G. C., Niemiec, C. P., Elliot, A., La Guardia, J. G., Gorin, A. A., & Rigby, C. S. (2014). Virtual look AHEAD program: Initial support for a partly virtualized intensive lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 37, 169-170. doi: 10.2337/dc14-0831

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

Akin, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking., 15, 404-410. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., , Lynch, M. F., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). The ideal self at play: The appeal of video games that let you be all you can be. Psychological Science, 23, 69–76. doi: 10.1177/0956797611418676

Peng, W., Lin, J., Pfeiffer, K., & Winn, B. (2012). Need satisfaction supportive game features as motivational determinants: An experimental study of a self-determination theory guided exergame. Media Psychology, 15, 175-196. doi: 10.1080/15213269.2012.673850

Patrick, H., & Canevello, A. (2011). Methodological overview of a self-determination theory-based computerized intervention to promote leisure-time physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 13-19.

Wang, C. K., Liu, W. C., Chye, S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2011). Understanding motivation in internet gaming among Singaporean youth: The role of passion. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1179–1184.

Tamborini, R., Grizzard, M., Bowman, N. D., Reinecke, L., & Eden, A. (2011). Media enjoyment as need satisfaction: The contribution of hedonic and nonhedonic needs. Journal of Communication, 61, 1025-1042. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2011.01593.x

Chen, K. C., & Jang, S. J. (2010). Motivation in online learning: Testing a model of self-determination theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 741–752.

Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A., Grizzard, M., & Organ, A. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758–777. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01513.x

Przybylski, A. K., Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). A motivational model of video game engagement. Review of General Psychology, 14, 154-166. doi: 10.1037/a0019440

King, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2009). Motivational differences in problem video game play. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 2, 139-149.

Wang, C. K., Liu, W. C., & Khoo, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 in internet gaming. Current Psychology, 28, 194–201.

Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2009). Virtual worlds and the learner hero: How today's video games can inform tomorrow's digital learning environments. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 214-223.

Przybylski, A. K., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). The motivating role of violence in video games. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 243-259.

Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N., Ryan, R. M., & Rigby, C. S. (2009). Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 485-492.

Wang, C. K., Khoo, A., Liu, W. C., & Divaharan, S. (2008). Passion and intrinsic motivation in digital gaming. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 39-45.

Ryan, R. M., Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2006). Motivational pull of video games: A self-determination theory approach. Motivation and Emotion, 30, 347-365.

Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2009). Virtual worlds and the learner hero: How today's video games can inform tomorrow's digital learning environments. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 214-223.

Sport, Exercise, and Physical Education

Featured Articles

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Research Reports

Behzadnia, B., Adachi, P. J. C., Deci, E. L., & Mohammadzadeh, H. (2018). Associations between students' perceptions of physical education teachers' interpersonal styles and students' wellness, knowledge, performance, and intentions to persist at physical activity: A self-determination theory approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 39, 10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.07.003

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I. D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B. D., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2017). Narcissism and coach interpersonal style: A self-determination theory perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(2), 254-261. doi: doi:10.1111/sms.12635

Sylvester, B. D., Standage, M., McEwan, D., Wolf, S. A., Lubans, D. R., Eather, N., . . ., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2016). Variety support and exercise adherence behavior: Experimental and mediating effects. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(2), 214-224. doi: 10.1007/s10865-015-9688-4

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Beauchamp, M. R., Miller, A., Lonsdale, C., Parker, P., & Dally, K. (2016). Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(2), 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.10.010

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Juge, N., & Fournier, J. F. (2016). Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 445-452. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0467-7

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M., Van Keer, H., & Haerens, L. (2016). Changing teachers’ beliefs regarding autonomy support and structure: The role of experienced psychological need satisfaction in teacher training. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23, 64-72. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.10.007

Fenner, A. A., Howie, E. K., Straker, L. M., & Hagger, M. S. (2016). Exploration of the mechanisms of change in constructs from self-determination theory and quality of life during a multi-disciplinary family-based intervention for overweight adolescents. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38, 59-68. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2015-0100

Nurmi, J., Hagger, M. S., Haukkala, A., Araújo-Soares, V., & Hankonen, N. (2016). Relations between autonomous motivation and leisure-time physical activity participation: The mediating role of self-regulation techniques. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38, 128-137. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2015-0222

Sebire, S., Jago, R, Kesten, J. M., Edwards, M. J., May, T., Banfield, K., Tomkinson, K., Blair, P. S., Bird E. L., & Powell J. E. (2016). Using self-determination theory to promote adolescent girls' physical activity: Exploring the theoretical fidelity of the Bristol Girls Dance Project. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 100-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.009

Owen, K. B., Parker, P. D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T., & Lonsdale, C. (2016). Physical activity and school engagement in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Educational Psychologist, 51(2), 129-145. doi: 10.1080/00461520.2016.1151793

Babic, M. J., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Lonsdale, C., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: Outcomes and mediators from the ‘Switch-Off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 91, 50-57. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.07.014

Lonsdale, C., Lester, A., Owen, K. B., White, R. L., Moyes, I., Peralta, L., Ntoumanis, N., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). An Internet-supported physical activity intervention delivered in secondary schools located in low socio-economic status communities: Study Protocol for the Activity and Motivation in Physical Education (AMPED) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Public Health, 16:17, 1-15. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2583-7

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Lonsdale, C., Dally, K., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediators of change in screen-time in a school-based intervention for adolescent boys: Findings from the ATLAS cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s10865-016-9810-2

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Stodden, D., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediating effects of resistance training skill competency on health-related fitness and physical activity: The ATLAS cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Science, 34(8), 772-779. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1069383

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2016). Predicting sport experience during training: The role of change-oriented feedback in athletes’ motivation, self-confidence and needs satisfaction fluctuations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 45-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0210

Niven, A. G., & Markland, D. A. (2016). Using self-determination theory to understand motivation for walking: Instrument development and model testing using Bayesian structural equation modeling.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23, 90-100. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.11.004

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Stenseng, F., Forest, J., & Curran, T. (2015). Positive emotions in recreational sport activities: The role of passion and belongingness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9547-y

Gunnell, K. E., & Gaudreau, P. (2015). Testing a bi-factor model to disentangle general and specific factors of motivation in self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.059

Chan, D. K. C., Dimmock, J. A., Donovan, R. J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2015). Self-determined motivation in sport predicts motivation and intention of anti-doping behaviors: A perspective from the trans-contextual model. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18, 315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.04.001

Friedrichs, S. A., Bolman, C., Oenema, A., & Lechner, L. (2015). Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach. BMC Psychology, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s40359-015-0059-2

Langan, E., Toner, J., Blake, C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Testing the effects of a self-determination theory-based intervention with youth Gaelic football coaches on athlete motivation and burnout. Sport Psychologist, 29(4), 293-301. doi: 10.1123/tsp.2013-0107

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM): A cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.001

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R., Pollock, E., Kennedy, S. G., & Lubans, D. R. (2015). Preliminary efficacy and feasibility of embedding high intensity interval training into the school day: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 973–979. doi: doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.001

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Myers, N., Martin, J., Ntoumanis, N., Celimli, S., & Bartholomew, K. (2014). Exploratory bi-factor analysis in sport, exercise, and performance psychology: A substantive-methodological synergy. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 3, 258–272. doi: 10.1037/spy0000015

Slingerland, M, Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20, 20-35. doi: 10.1177/1356336X13496000

Sweet, S., Fortier, M., Strachan, S., Blanchard, C., & Boulay, P. (2014). Testing a longitudinal integrat- ed self-efficacy and self-deter- mination theory model for physical activity post-cardiac rehabilitation. Health Psychology Research, 2, 30-37. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.1008

Kinnafick, F. E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Duda, J. L. (2014). Physical activity adoption to adherence, lapse and dropout: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Qualitative Health Research, 24, 706-718. doi: DOI: 10.1177/1049732314528811

Giacobbi, P., Dreisbach, K. A., Thurlow, N. M., Anand, P., & Garcia, F. (2014). Mental imagery increases self-determined motivation to exercise with university enrolled women: A randomized controlled trial using a peer-based intervention. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 374-381. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.004

De Meester, A., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., De Bourdeauhuji, I., & Haerens, L. (2014). After-school sports as a motivating vehicle towards sport participation in youth: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, In Press doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-48

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2014). Within-person profiles of teachers’ motivation to teach: Associations with need satisfaction at work, need-supportive teaching, and burnout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 407-417. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.001

González-Cutre, D., Sicilia, A., Beas-Jiménez, M., & Hagger, M. S. (2014). Broadening the trans-contextual model of motivation: A study with Spanish adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24 doi: 10.1111/sms.12142

Erdvik, I., Overby, N., & Haugen, T. (2014). Students’ self-determined motivation in physical education and intention to be physically active after graduation: The role of perceived competence and identity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 232-241.

Duda, J. L., Jolly, K., Williams, G. C., Ntoumanis, N., Daley, A., Eves, F.F., Mutrie, N., Rouse, P.C., Lodhia, R., & Blamey, R.V. (2014). Effects of a standard provision versus an autonomy supportive exercise referral programme on physical activity, quality of life and well-being indicators. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11, 10. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2013.10.006

Owen, K. B, Smith, J., Lubans, D. R., Ng, J. Y. Y., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Self-determined motivation and physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 67, 270-279. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.033

Sullivan, G., Taylor, I., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Burnout in high school athletic directors. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3), 256-270. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2013.853328

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2014). The role of coaches’ passion and athletes’ motivation in the prediction of change-oriented feedback quality and quantity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 326-335. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.02.005

Mahoney, J., Gucciardi, G., Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2014). Mental Toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36, 281-292. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260

Jago, R., Montgomery, A., Sebire, S., Davies, B., Wood, L., Edwards, M., Banfield, K., Fox, K., Thompson, J., & Powell, J. (2014). Randomised feasibility trial of a teaching assistant led extracurricular physical activity intervention for 9 to 11 year olds: Action 3:30. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 doi: 10.1186/s12966-014-0114-z

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Barkoukis, V., Taylor, I.M., Chanal, J., & Ntoumanis, N. (2014). The relation between student motivation and student grades in PE: A three-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5, 406-414. doi: 10.1111/sms.12174

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Masur, P, K., Reinecke, L., Ziegele, M., & Quiring, O (2014). The interplay of intrinsic need satisfaction and facebook specific motives in explaining addictive behavior on facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 376-386. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.047

Slovinec D’Angelo, M., Pelletier, L. G., Huta, V., & Reid, R. D. (2014). The roles of self-efficacy and motivation in the prediction of short- and long-term adherence to exercise among coronary heart disease patients. Health Psychology, 33, 1344-1353. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000094

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Wilson, P. M., Rogers, W. T., Rodgers, W. M., & Wild, T. C. (2006). The psychological need satisfaction in exercise scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 231-251.

Dyrlund, A. K., & Wininger, S. R. (2006). An evaluation of barrier efficacy and cognitive evaluation theory as predictors of exercise attendance. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 11, 133-146.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Barkoukis, V., Wang, C. K., & Baranowski, J. (2005). Perceived autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A cross- cultural evaluation of the trans-contextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 287-301.

Mallett, C. (2005). Self-determination theory: A case study of evidence-based coaching. The Sport Psychologist, 19, 417-429.

Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A prospective study of participation in optional school physical education based on self-determination theory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 444-453.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L, & Ntoumanis, N. (2005). A test of self-determination theory in school physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 411-433.

Ntoumanis, N., & Vazou, S. (2005). Peer motivational climate in youth sport: Measurement development and validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 432-455.

McNeil, M., & Wang, C. K. (2005). Psychological profiles of elite sports players in Singapore. Psychology of Exercise and Sport, 6, 117-128.

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Mallett, C., & Hanrahan, S. J. (2004). Elite athletes: Why does the ‘fire’ burn so brightly?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5, 183-200.

Wang, C. K., Ang, P. R., Teo-Koh, S. M., & Kahlid, A. (2004). Motivational predictors of young adolescents’ participation in an outdoor adventure course: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 4, 57-65.

Vansteenkiste, M., Simons, J., Soenens, B., & Lens, W. (2004). How to become a persevering exerciser? Providing a clear, future intrinsic goal in an autonomy supportive way. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 232-249.

Reinboth, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2004). Dimensions of coaching behavior, need satisfaction, and the psychological and physical welfare of young athletes. Motivation and Emotion, 28, 297-313. doi: 10.1023/B:MOEM.0000040156.81924.b8

Wallhead, T. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2004). Effects of a sport education intervention on students’ motivational responses in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23, 4-18.

Ntoumanis, N., Pensgaard, A. M., Martin, C., & Pipe, K. (2004). An ideographic analysis of amotivation in compulsory school physical education. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 197-214.

Prusak, K. A (2004). The effects of choice on the motivation of adolescent girls in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23, 19-29.

Ingledew, D. K., Markland, D. A., & Sheppard, K. E. (2004). Personality and self-determination of exercise behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1921-1932.

Matsumoto, H., & Takenaka, K. (2004). Motivational profiles and stages of exercise behavior change. International Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 89-96.

Markland, D. A., & Tobin, V. (2004). A modification to the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire to include an assessment of amotivation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 191-196.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Culverhouse, T., & (2003). The process by which perceived autonomy support in physical education promotes leisure-time physical activity intentions and behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 784-795.

Wang, C. K., Liu, W. C., Sun, Y., & (2003). Female secondary students’ sport ability beliefs and regulatory styles: Enjoyment or boredom?. Journal of Tianjin Institute of PE, 18, 13-18.

Wang, C. K., & (2003). Intrinsic motivation towards sports in Singaporean students: The role of sport ability beliefs. Journal of Health Psychology, 8, 515-523.

Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Bargmann, K. (2003). Autonomy support and need satisfaction in the motivation and well-being of gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 372-390.

Hassandra, M., Goudas, M., & Chroni, S. (2003). Examining factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: A qualitative approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4, 211–223.

Vansteenkiste, M., & Deci, E. L. (2003). Competitively contingent rewards and intrinsic motivation: Can losers remain motivated?. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 273-299.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., Hall, C. R., & Gammage, K. L. (2003). Do autonomous exercise regulations underpin different types of exercise imagery?. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 294-306.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., Blanchard, C. M., & Gessell, J. (2003). The relationship between psychological needs, self-determined motivation, exercise attitudes, and physical fitness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33, 2373-2392.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). A model of contextual motivation in physical education: Using constructs and tenets from self-determination and goal perspective theories to predict leisure-time exercise intentions. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 97-110.

Standage, M., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2003). Predicting motivational regulations in physical education: The interplay between dispositional goal orientations, motivational climate and perceived competence. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 621-647.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity reliability and invariance of the situational motivation scale SIMS across diverse physical activity contexts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Standage, M., Treasure, D. C., Duda, J. L., & Prusak, K. A. (2003). Validity, reliability, and invariance of the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS) across diverse physical activity contexts. Sport Psychology, 25, 19-43.

Frederick, C., & Schuster-Smith, H. (2003). Competition and intrinsic motivation in physical activity: A comparison of two groups. Journal of Sport Behavior, 26, 240-254.

Mageau, G. A., & Vallerand, R. J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Science, 21, 883-904.

, & Wang, C. K. (2003). Motivation and self-perception profiles and links with physical activity in adolescent girls. Journal of Adolescence, 26, 687-701.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., , Smith, B., & Wang, C. K. (2003). A meta-analysis of perceived locus on causality in exercise, sport, and physical education contexts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 284-306.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (2002). The influence of autonomous and controlling motives on physical activity intentions within the theory of planned behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 283-297.

Wang, C. K., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Spray, C. M., & (2002). Achievement goal profiles in school physical education: Differences in self-determination, sport ability beliefs, and physical activity. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 433-445.

Sarrazin, P., Vallerand, R. J., Guillet, E., Pelletier, L. G., & Cury, F. (2002). Motivation and dropout in female handballers: A 21-month prospective study. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 395-418.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., & Fraser, S. N. (2002). Examining the psychometric properties of the Behavioral Regulation In Exercise Questionnaire. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 6, 1-21.

Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., & Fraser, S. N. (2002). Cross-validation of the revised Motivation for Physical Activity Measure in active women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 471-477.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2002). Putting theory into practice: Enhancing motivation through OPTIMAL strategies. Avante, 8, 21-29.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., , & Karageorghis, C. (2002). The cognitive processes by which perceived locus of causality predicts participation in physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 685-699.

Ntoumanis, N. (2002). Motivational clusters in a sample of British physical education classes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 177-194.

Wilson, P. M., & Rodgers, W. M. (2002). The relationship between exercise motives and physical self-esteem in female exercise participants: An application of self-determination theory. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 7, 30-43.

Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2002). Relationship among achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 87-103.

Wang, C. K., & (2001). Young people’s motivational profiles in physical activity: A cluster analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23, 1-22.

Georgiadis, M. M., , & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2001). The mediating role of self determination in the relationship between goal orientations and physical self-worth in Greek exercisers. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 1, 1- 8.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 225-242.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 397-409.

Rose, E.A., Markland, D. A., & Parfitt, G. (2001). The development and initial validation of the Exercise Causality Orientations Scale. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 455-462.

Spray, C. M., & Wang, C. K. (2001). Goal orientations, self-determination, and pupils’ discipline in physical education. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 903-913.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2000). Putting theory into practice: How cognitive evaluation theory can help us better understand how to motivate children in physical activity environments. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 71, 44-49.

(1999). Motivation and its perceptions of control: Tracing its development and plotting its future in exercise and sport psychology. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 1-23.

, Soos, I., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (1999). Predicting physical activity intentions using goal perspectives and self-determination theory approaches. European Psychologist, 4, 83-89.

Kowal, J., & Fortier, M. S. (1999). Motivational determinants of flow: Contributions from self-determination theory. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 355-368.

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Markland, D. A., & Hardy, L. (1997). On the factorial and construct validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: Conceptual and operational concerns. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 20-32.

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Mullan, E., & Markland, D. A. (1997). Variations in self-determination across the stages of change for exercise in adults. Motivation and Emotion, 21, 349-362.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., , & Meek, G. A. (1997). A self-determination theory approach to the study of intentions and the intention-behaviour relationship in children's physical activity.. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2, 343-360.

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Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Segar, M. L., Guérin, E., Phillips, E., & Fortier, M. S. (2016). From vital sign to vitality: Selling exercise so patients want to buy it. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1(11), 97-102. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000015

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Peralta, L. R., Plotnikoff, R. C, et al., & Lonsdale, C. (2016). A school-based intervention incorporating smartphone technology to improve health-related fitness among adolescents: rationale and study protocol for the NEAT and ATLAS 2.0 cluster randomised controlled trial and dissemination study. BMJ Open, 6(6), e010448. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010448

Lonsdale, C., Sanders, T., Cohen, K. E., Parker, P., Noetel, M., Hartwig, T., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Scaling-up an efficacious school-based physical activity intervention: Study protocol for the ‘Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers support Activity in Youth’(iPLAY) cluster randomized controlled trial and scale-up implementation evaluation. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 873. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3243-2.

Mahoney, J. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Gordon, S., & Ntoumanis, N. (2016). Training a coach to be autonomy‐supportive: An avenue for nurturing mental toughness. In S. Cotterill, N. Weston, and G. Breslin (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology: Practitioner case studies (pp. 193-214). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Quested, E. (2016). Antecedents of need supportive and controlling interpersonal styles from a self-determination theory perspective: A review and implications for sport psychology research. In Raab, M., Wylleman, P., Seiler, R., Elbe, A.M., and Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: From Theory to Practice (pp. 144-180). London, UK: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803634-1.00007-8

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2015). Motivation in sport: A self-determination theory perspective. In Papaioannou, A. & Hackfort, D., Routledge Companion to Sport and Exercise Psychology: Global perspectives and fundamental concepts (pp. 67-82). : Taylor and Francis.

Segar, M. L. (2015). The right why: The surprising start to cultivating sustainable behavior change. Journal of the American Society on Aging, 39(1), 15-19.

Segar, M. L. (2015). No Sweat: How the Simple Science of Motivation Can Bring You a Lifetime of Fitness. New York: AMACOM.

Segar, M. L., & Richardson, C. R. (2014). Prescribing pleasure and meaning: Cultivating walking motivation and maintenance. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 838-841. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.001

Spence, G. B., & Deci, E. L. (2013). Self-determination theory within coaching contexts: Supporting motives and goals that promote well-being and effective performance. In Clutterbuck, D. Megginson, & S. David (Eds.), Beyond Goals: Effective Strategies for Coaching and Mentoring (pp. 85-108). London: Gower Publishing.

Strachan, Shaelyn M., Fortier, M. S., Perras, Melanie G. M., & Lugg, Carrie (2013). Understanding variations in exercise-dentity strength through identity theory and self-determination theory. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 273-285. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.749005

Guerin, Eva, Fortier, M. S., & Sweet, Shane N. (2013). An experience sampling study of physical activity and positive affect: investigating the role of situational motivation and perceived intensity across time. Health Psychology Research, 1, 100-110. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e21

Sweet, Shane N., Fortier, M. S., Strachan, Shaelyn M., & Blanchard, Chris M. (2012). Testing and integrating self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory in a physical activity context. Canadian Psychololgy, 53, 319-327. doi: 10.1037/a0030280

Guerin, Eva, Bales, Elena, Sweet, Shane N., & Fortier, M. S. (2012). A meta-analysis of the influence of gender on self-determination theory's motivational regulations for physical activity. Canadian Psychology, 53, 291-300. doi: 10.1037/a0030215

Ntoumanis, N. (2012). A self-determination theory perspective on motivation in sport and physical education: Current trends and possible future research directions. In G.C. Roberts and D. C. Treasure, Advances in Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3 (pp. 91-128). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Fortier, M. S., Duda, J. L., Guerin, E., & Teixeira, P. J. (2012). Promoting physical activity: Development and testing of self-determination theory-based interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 1-14.

Fortier, M. S., Wiseman, Elizabeth, Sweet, Shane N., O'Sullivan, Tracey L., Blanchard, Chris M., Sigal, Ronald J., & Hogg, William (2011). A moderated mediation of motivation on physical activity in the context of the physical activity counseling randomized control trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 71-78. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.001

Pearson, E. S. (2011). The ‘how-to’ of health behaviour change brought to life: A theoretical analysis of the Co-Active coaching model and its underpinnings in self-determination theory. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 4, 89-103.

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and the darker side of athletic experience: The role of interpersonal control and need thwarting. Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 23-27.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2010). Psychological needs and the prediction of exercise-related cognitions and affect among an ethnically diverse cohort of adult women.. International Journal of Sport and Exercise, 8, 446-463.

Lightheart, V. L., Wilson, P. M., & Oster, K. (2010). Strength versus balance: The contributions of two different models of psychological need satisfaction to well-being in adapted sport athletes. In I. E. Wells (Ed.), Psychological well-being (pp. 157-170). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Vlachopoulos, S., Ntoumanis, N., & Smith, A. L. (2010). Psychological needs in exercise scale: Translation and evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 394-412.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Garcia Bengoechea, E., Bin, X., Cheung, S., & Sylvester, B. D. (2010). Understanding sport friendships in adapted sport athletes: Does fulfilling basic psychological needs matter?. In B. D. Geranto (Ed.), Sport psychology (pp. 113-130). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The controlling interpersonal style in a coaching context: Development and initial validation of a psychometric scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(2), 193-216. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

Dimmock, J., & Banting, L. K. (2009). The influence of implicit cognitive processes on physical activity: How the theory of planned behaviour and self-determination theory can provide a platform for our understanding. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 3-22.

Ryan, R. M., Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. L. (2009). Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 6, 107-124.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2009). Helping your clients and patients take ownership over their exercise: Fostering exercise adoption, adherence and associated well-being. ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal, 13, 20-25.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24, 29-48.

Wilson, P. M., Gregson, J. P., & Mack, D. E. (2009). The importance of interpersonal style in competitive sport: A self-determination theory approach. In C. H. Chang (Ed.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 259-276). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2009). Virtual worlds and the learner hero: How today's video games can inform tomorrow's digital learning environments. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 214-223.

Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Motivation in physical education classes: A self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 194-202.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

Duda, J. L., & Treasure, D. (2009). Motivational processes and the facilitation of quality engagement in sport. In J. M. Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychologyMountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Grattan, K. P. (2008). Understanding motivation for exercise: A self-determination theory perspective. Canadian Psychology, 49, 250-256.

Silva, M. N., Teixeira, P. J., Markland, D. A., Minderico, C. S., Vieira, P. N., Castro, M. M., Coutinho, S.S., Santos, T. C., Matos. M.G., & Sardinha, L. B. (2008). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: Rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health, 8, 234-247.

, Treasure, D. C., & Wang, C. K. J. (2008). Motivational characteristics. In A. L. Smith & S. J. H. Biddle (Eds.), Youth physical activity and sedentary behavior: Challenges and solutions (pp. 193-213). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Wang, C.K.J., & (2007). Understanding young people’s motivation toward exercise: An integration of sport ability beliefs, achievement goal theory, and self-determination theory. In M.S. Hagger & N.L.D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 193-208). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics..

Duda, J. L., & Balaguer, I. (2007). The coach-created motivational climate. In S. Jowett & D. Lavalee (Eds.), Social Psychology of Sport (pp. 117-130). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). Advances in self-determination theory research in sport and exercise (editorial). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 597-599.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). The trans-contextual model of motivation. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 53-70). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Conroy, D. E., & Coatsworth, J. D. (2007). Competence motivation in sport and exercise: The hierarchical model of achievement motivation and self-determination theory. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 181-192). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2007). Perceived autonomy support and psychological need satisfaction as key psychological constructs in the exercise domain. In M. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 35-51). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Ntoumanis, N., Vazou, S., Spiridoula,, & Duda, J. L. (2007). Peer-created motivational climate. In S. Jowette & D. Lavallee (Eds.), Social psychology in sport (pp. 145-156). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., & Lens, W. (2007). Intrinsic versus extrinsic goal promotion in sport and exercise: Understanding their differential impact on performance and persistence. In M. S. Hagger and N. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-Determination Theory in exercise and sport (pp. 167-180). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

, Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Lippke, S. (2007). Theoretical frameworks in exercise psychology. In G. Tenenbaum & R. C. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 537-559). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Sarrazin, P., Boiché, J., & Pelletier, L. G. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to dropout in athletes. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 229-242). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Pelletier, L. G., & Sarrazin, P. (2007). Measurement issues in self-determination theory and sport. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 143-152). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

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Psychotherapy and Counseling

Featured Articles

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Research Reports

Behzadnia, B., Adachi, P. J. C., Deci, E. L., & Mohammadzadeh, H. (2018). Associations between students' perceptions of physical education teachers' interpersonal styles and students' wellness, knowledge, performance, and intentions to persist at physical activity: A self-determination theory approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 39, 10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.07.003

Peters, D., Calvo, R. A., & Ryan, R. M. (2018). Designing for motivation, engagement and wellbeing in digital experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 797. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00797

Weinstein, N., Przybylski, A. K., & (2017). A prospective study of the motivational and health dynamics of Internet Gaming Disorder. PeerJ, 5:e3838 doi: 10.7717/peerj.3838

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I. D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B. D., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2017). Narcissism and coach interpersonal style: A self-determination theory perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(2), 254-261. doi: doi:10.1111/sms.12635

Sylvester, B. D., Standage, M., McEwan, D., Wolf, S. A., Lubans, D. R., Eather, N., . . ., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2016). Variety support and exercise adherence behavior: Experimental and mediating effects. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(2), 214-224. doi: 10.1007/s10865-015-9688-4

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Beauchamp, M. R., Miller, A., Lonsdale, C., Parker, P., & Dally, K. (2016). Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(2), 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.10.010

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Juge, N., & Fournier, J. F. (2016). Mindfulness may moderate the relationship between intrinsic motivation and physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 445-452. doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0467-7

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M., Van Keer, H., & Haerens, L. (2016). Changing teachers’ beliefs regarding autonomy support and structure: The role of experienced psychological need satisfaction in teacher training. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23, 64-72. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.10.007

Fenner, A. A., Howie, E. K., Straker, L. M., & Hagger, M. S. (2016). Exploration of the mechanisms of change in constructs from self-determination theory and quality of life during a multi-disciplinary family-based intervention for overweight adolescents. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38, 59-68. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2015-0100

Nurmi, J., Hagger, M. S., Haukkala, A., Araújo-Soares, V., & Hankonen, N. (2016). Relations between autonomous motivation and leisure-time physical activity participation: The mediating role of self-regulation techniques. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38, 128-137. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2015-0222

Sebire, S., Jago, R, Kesten, J. M., Edwards, M. J., May, T., Banfield, K., Tomkinson, K., Blair, P. S., Bird E. L., & Powell J. E. (2016). Using self-determination theory to promote adolescent girls' physical activity: Exploring the theoretical fidelity of the Bristol Girls Dance Project. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 24, 100-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.009

Owen, K. B., Parker, P. D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T., & Lonsdale, C. (2016). Physical activity and school engagement in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Educational Psychologist, 51(2), 129-145. doi: 10.1080/00461520.2016.1151793

Babic, M. J., Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Lonsdale, C., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: Outcomes and mediators from the ‘Switch-Off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 91, 50-57. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.07.014

Lonsdale, C., Lester, A., Owen, K. B., White, R. L., Moyes, I., Peralta, L., Ntoumanis, N., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). An Internet-supported physical activity intervention delivered in secondary schools located in low socio-economic status communities: Study Protocol for the Activity and Motivation in Physical Education (AMPED) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Public Health, 16:17, 1-15. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2583-7

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Lonsdale, C., Dally, K., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediators of change in screen-time in a school-based intervention for adolescent boys: Findings from the ATLAS cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s10865-016-9810-2

Smith, J. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Stodden, D., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Mediating effects of resistance training skill competency on health-related fitness and physical activity: The ATLAS cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Science, 34(8), 772-779. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1069383

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2016). Predicting sport experience during training: The role of change-oriented feedback in athletes’ motivation, self-confidence and needs satisfaction fluctuations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 45-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0210

Niven, A. G., & Markland, D. A. (2016). Using self-determination theory to understand motivation for walking: Instrument development and model testing using Bayesian structural equation modeling.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 23, 90-100. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.11.004

Burger, C., Eden, A., Van Engelenburg, M. D., & Buningh, S. (2015). How feedback boosts motivation and play in a brain-training game. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 94-103. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.038

Stenseng, F., Forest, J., & Curran, T. (2015). Positive emotions in recreational sport activities: The role of passion and belongingness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9547-y

Gunnell, K. E., & Gaudreau, P. (2015). Testing a bi-factor model to disentangle general and specific factors of motivation in self-determination theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.059

Chan, D. K. C., Dimmock, J. A., Donovan, R. J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2015). Self-determined motivation in sport predicts motivation and intention of anti-doping behaviors: A perspective from the trans-contextual model. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18, 315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.04.001

Friedrichs, S. A., Bolman, C., Oenema, A., & Lechner, L. (2015). Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach. BMC Psychology, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s40359-015-0059-2

Langan, E., Toner, J., Blake, C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Testing the effects of a self-determination theory-based intervention with youth Gaelic football coaches on athlete motivation and burnout. Sport Psychologist, 29(4), 293-301. doi: 10.1123/tsp.2013-0107

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lonsdale, C. (2015). Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds’(S4HM): A cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.001

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R., Pollock, E., Kennedy, S. G., & Lubans, D. R. (2015). Preliminary efficacy and feasibility of embedding high intensity interval training into the school day: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 973–979. doi: doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.001

Lyons, E. J. (2015). Cultivating engagement and enjoyment in exergames using feedback, challenge, and rewards. Games for Health Journal, 4, 12-18. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2014.0072

Myers, N., Martin, J., Ntoumanis, N., Celimli, S., & Bartholomew, K. (2014). Exploratory bi-factor analysis in sport, exercise, and performance psychology: A substantive-methodological synergy. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 3, 258–272. doi: 10.1037/spy0000015

Slingerland, M, Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20, 20-35. doi: 10.1177/1356336X13496000

Sweet, S., Fortier, M., Strachan, S., Blanchard, C., & Boulay, P. (2014). Testing a longitudinal integrat- ed self-efficacy and self-deter- mination theory model for physical activity post-cardiac rehabilitation. Health Psychology Research, 2, 30-37. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.1008

Kinnafick, F. E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Duda, J. L. (2014). Physical activity adoption to adherence, lapse and dropout: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Qualitative Health Research, 24, 706-718. doi: DOI: 10.1177/1049732314528811

Giacobbi, P., Dreisbach, K. A., Thurlow, N. M., Anand, P., & Garcia, F. (2014). Mental imagery increases self-determined motivation to exercise with university enrolled women: A randomized controlled trial using a peer-based intervention. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 374-381. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.004

De Meester, A., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., De Bourdeauhuji, I., & Haerens, L. (2014). After-school sports as a motivating vehicle towards sport participation in youth: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, In Press doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-48

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2014). Within-person profiles of teachers’ motivation to teach: Associations with need satisfaction at work, need-supportive teaching, and burnout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 407-417. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.001

González-Cutre, D., Sicilia, A., Beas-Jiménez, M., & Hagger, M. S. (2014). Broadening the trans-contextual model of motivation: A study with Spanish adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24 doi: 10.1111/sms.12142

Erdvik, I., Overby, N., & Haugen, T. (2014). Students’ self-determined motivation in physical education and intention to be physically active after graduation: The role of perceived competence and identity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 232-241.

Duda, J. L., Jolly, K., Williams, G. C., Ntoumanis, N., Daley, A., Eves, F.F., Mutrie, N., Rouse, P.C., Lodhia, R., & Blamey, R.V. (2014). Effects of a standard provision versus an autonomy supportive exercise referral programme on physical activity, quality of life and well-being indicators. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11, 10. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2013.10.006

Owen, K. B, Smith, J., Lubans, D. R., Ng, J. Y. Y., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Self-determined motivation and physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 67, 270-279. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.033

Sullivan, G., Taylor, I., & Lonsdale, C. (2014). Burnout in high school athletic directors. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26(3), 256-270. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2013.853328

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2014). The role of coaches’ passion and athletes’ motivation in the prediction of change-oriented feedback quality and quantity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 326-335. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.02.005

Mahoney, J., Gucciardi, G., Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2014). Mental Toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36, 281-292. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260

Jago, R., Montgomery, A., Sebire, S., Davies, B., Wood, L., Edwards, M., Banfield, K., Fox, K., Thompson, J., & Powell, J. (2014). Randomised feasibility trial of a teaching assistant led extracurricular physical activity intervention for 9 to 11 year olds: Action 3:30. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 doi: 10.1186/s12966-014-0114-z

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al.. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Barkoukis, V., Taylor, I.M., Chanal, J., & Ntoumanis, N. (2014). The relation between student motivation and student grades in PE: A three-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5, 406-414. doi: 10.1111/sms.12174

Choi, J., Noh, G., & Park, D. (2014). Smoking cessation apps for smartphones: Content analysis with the self-determination theory. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 doi: 10.2196/jmir.3061

Masur, P, K., Reinecke, L., Ziegele, M., & Quiring, O (2014). The interplay of intrinsic need satisfaction and facebook specific motives in explaining addictive behavior on facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 376-386. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.047

Slovinec D’Angelo, M., Pelletier, L. G., Huta, V., & Reid, R. D. (2014). The roles of self-efficacy and motivation in the prediction of short- and long-term adherence to exercise among coronary heart disease patients. Health Psychology, 33, 1344-1353. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000094

Williams, G. C., Niemiec, C. P., Elliot, A., La Guardia, J. G., Gorin, A. A., & Rigby, C. S. (2014). Virtual look AHEAD program: Initial support for a partly virtualized intensive lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 37, 169-170. doi: 10.2337/dc14-0831

Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4 doi: 10.2196/games.3691

Hodge, K., Henry, G., & Smith, W. (2014). A case study of excellence in elite sport: Motivational climate in a world champion team. The Sport Psychologist, 28, 60-74.

Kinnafick, F. E., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Duda, J. L., & Taylor, I. (2014). Sources of autonomy support, subjective vitality and physical activity behaviour associated with participation in a lunchtime walking intervention for physically inactive adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 190-197. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.10.009

Nascimento Junior, J. R., Vissoci, J. R. N., Balbim, G., Moreira, C. R., Pelletier, L. G., & Vieira, L. F. (2014). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties analysis of the Sport Motivation Scale-II for the Brazilian context. Revista da Educação Física, 25, 441-458. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/reveducfis.v25i3.24855

Jago, R., Edwards, M. J., Sebire, S. J., Cooper, A. R., Powell, J. E., & Bird, E. L. (2013). Bristol girls dance project (BGDP): protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial of an after-school dance programme to increase physical activity among 11--12 year old girls. BMC Public Health, 13 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1003

De Meyer, J., Borghouts, L., Tallir, I., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Speleers, L., Aelterman, N., Van den Berghe, L., Haerens, L., & Cardon, G. (2013). Relation between observed controlling teaching behavior and students’ motivation in physical education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 541-554. doi: 10.1037/a0034399

Rocchi, M., Pelletier, L. G., & Couture, A. L. (2013). Determinants of coach motivation and autonomy supportive coaching behaviours. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 852-859. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.07.002

Rouse, Peter C., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2013). Effects of motivation and depletion on the ability to resist the temptation to avoid physical activity. Interntational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 39-56. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2012.717779

Quested, Eleanor, Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N., Viladrich, Ellen, Haug, Ellen, Ommundsen, Yngvar, Van Hoye, Aurelie, Merce, Juan, Hall, Howard K., & Zourbanos, Nikos (2013). Intentions to drop-out of youth soccer: A test of the basic needs theory amount European youth from five countries. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 395-407. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.830431

Przybylski, A. K., , DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Van de Berghe, L., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Aelterman, N., Cardon, G., Tallir, I. B., & Haerens, L. (2013). Observed need-supportive and need-thwarting teaching behavior in physical education: Do teachers' motivational orientations matter?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 650-661. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.006

Van de Berghe, L., Cardon, G., Aelterman, N., Tallir, I., Vansteenkiste, M., & Haerens, L. (2013). Emotional exhaustion and motivation in physical education teachers: A variable-centered and person-centered approach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 32, 305-320.

Ng, J. Y. Y., Ntoumanis, N., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Stott, K., & Hindle, L. (2013). Predicting psychological needs and well-being of individuals engaging in weight management. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 5, 291-310. doi: doi:10.1111/aphw.12011

Rackow, P., Scholz, U., & Hornung, R. (2013). The German psychological need satisfaction in exercise scale: Validation of a measure of need satisfaction in exercise. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 72, 137-148.

Owen, K. B., Astell-Burt, T., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). The relationship between self-determined motivation and physical activity in adolescent boys. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(3), 420-422. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.05.007

Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E., Gerrard, D., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport: Motivation and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35(4), 419-432. doi: 10.1123/jsep.35.4.419

Lonsdale, C., Rosenkranz, R. R., Sanders, T., Peralta, L. R., Bennie, A., Jackson, B., Taylor, I. M., & Lubans, D. R. (2013). A cluster randomized controlled trial of strategies to increase adolescents’ physical activity and motivation in physical education: Results of the Motivating Active Learning in Physical Education (MALP) trial. Preventive Medicine, 57(5), 696-702. doi: doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.09.003

Lynch, M. F. (2013). Attachment, autonomy, and emotional reliance: A multilevel model. Journal of Counseling and Development, 91, 301-312. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2013.00098.x

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2013). A look at autonomy-supportive change-oriented feedback in sport: The relative impact of quantity and quality. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 423-435. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.01.003

Carpentier, J., & Mageau, G. A. (2013). When change-oriented feedback enhances motivation, well-being and performance: A look at autonomy-supportive feedback in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 423-435. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.01.003

Kawabata, M., & Mallett, C. (2013). Examining discriminant validity issues of the Sport Motivation Scale-6. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31, 173-180. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.723132

Quested, E., Duda, J. L., Ntoumanis, N., & Maxwell, J. P. (2013). Daily fluctuations in the affective states of dancers: A cross-situational test of basic needs theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 586-595. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.02.006

Vlachopoulos, S. P., Asci, F. H., Cid, L., Ersoz, G., González-Cutre, D., Moreno-Murcia, J. A., & Moutão, J. (2013). Cross-cultural invariance of the basic psychological needs in exercise scale and need satisfaction latent mean differences among Greek, Spanish, Portuguese and Turkish samples. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 622-631. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.002

Gillet, N., Vallerand, R. J., & Paty, B. (2013). Situational motivational profiles and performance with elite performers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1200-1210. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12083

Gaston, A., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Elliot, S., & Prapavessis, H. (2013). Understanding physical activity behaviour and cognitions in pregnant women: An application of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 405-412. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.009

Pelletier, L. G., Rocchi, M. A., Vallerand, R. J., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). Validation of the revised sport motivation scale (SMS-II). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 329-341. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.002

Moller, A. C., Buscemi, Joanna, McFadden, H. Gene, Hedeker, Donald, & Spring, Bonnie (2013). Financial motivation undermines potential enjoyment in an intensive diet and activity intervention. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9542-5

Silva, M. N., & Teixeira, P. J. (2013). Promotion of and adherence to physical activity. In Mooren, F. C., Skinner, J. S. (Eds), Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease (pp. 727-731). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Sebire, S., Jago, R., Fox, K., Edwards, M., & Thompson, J. (2013). Testing a self-determination theory model of children’s physical activity motivation: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10, 1-9. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-111

Sebire, S., Standage, M., Gillison, F. B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2013). "Coveting thy neighbour's legs": a qualitative study of exercisers' experiences of intrinsic and extrinsic goal pursuit. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35, 308-321.

Haerens, L., Aelterman, N., Van den Berghe, L., De Meyer, J., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2013). Observing physical education teachers’ need-supportive interactions in classroom settings. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 35, 3-17.

Shen, Cai-Xia, Liu, Ru-De, & Wang, Dan (2013). Why are children attracted to the Internet? The role of need satisfaction perceived online and perceived in daily real life. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 185 - 192. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.004

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Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Psychological need satisfaction and thwarting: A test of basic psychological needs theory in physical activity contexts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 599-607. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.007

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Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2006). Examining exercise dependence symptomatology from a self-determination perspective. Journal of Health Psychology, 11, 887-903.

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Cumming, S. P., Battista, R. A., Standage, M., Ewing, M. E., & Malina, R. M (2006). Estimated maturity status and perceptions of adult autonomy support in youth soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, 1039-1046.

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Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Barkoukis, V., Wang, C. K., & Baranowski, J. (2005). Perceived autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A cross- cultural evaluation of the trans-contextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 287-301.

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Wilson, P. M., Rodgers, W. M., & Fraser, S. N. (2002). Cross-validation of the revised Motivation for Physical Activity Measure in active women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 471-477.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2002). Putting theory into practice: Enhancing motivation through OPTIMAL strategies. Avante, 8, 21-29.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., Hagger, M. S., , & Karageorghis, C. (2002). The cognitive processes by which perceived locus of causality predicts participation in physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 685-699.

Ntoumanis, N. (2002). Motivational clusters in a sample of British physical education classes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 177-194.

Wilson, P. M., & Rodgers, W. M. (2002). The relationship between exercise motives and physical self-esteem in female exercise participants: An application of self-determination theory. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 7, 30-43.

Standage, M., & Treasure, D. C. (2002). Relationship among achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 87-103.

Wang, C. K., & (2001). Young people’s motivational profiles in physical activity: A cluster analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23, 1-22.

Georgiadis, M. M., , & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2001). The mediating role of self determination in the relationship between goal orientations and physical self-worth in Greek exercisers. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 1, 1- 8.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 397-409.

Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 225-242.

Rose, E.A., Markland, D. A., & Parfitt, G. (2001). The development and initial validation of the Exercise Causality Orientations Scale. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 455-462.

Spray, C. M., & Wang, C. K. (2001). Goal orientations, self-determination, and pupils’ discipline in physical education. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 903-913.

Mandigo, J. L., & Holt, N. L. (2000). Putting theory into practice: How cognitive evaluation theory can help us better understand how to motivate children in physical activity environments. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 71, 44-49.

(1999). Motivation and its perceptions of control: Tracing its development and plotting its future in exercise and sport psychology. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 1-23.

, Soos, I., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (1999). Predicting physical activity intentions using goal perspectives and self-determination theory approaches. European Psychologist, 4, 83-89.

Kowal, J., & Fortier, M. S. (1999). Motivational determinants of flow: Contributions from self-determination theory. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 355-368.

Markland, D. A. (1999). Self-determination moderates the effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation in an exercise setting. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 351-361.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & (1998). Functional significance of psychological variables that are included in the theory of planned behaviour: A self-determination theory approach to the study of attitudes, subjective norms, perceptions of control and intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 303-322.

Green-Demers, I., Pelletier, L. G., Stewart, D. G., & Gushue, N. R. (1998). Coping with less interesting aspects of training: Toward a model of interest and motivation enhancement in individual sports. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 251-261.

Ingledew, D. K., Markland, D. A., & Medley, A. R. (1998). Exercise motives and stages of change. Journal of Health Psychology, 3, 477-489.

Pelletier, L. G., Tuson, K. M., & Haddad, N. K. (1997). Client Motivation for Therapy Scale: A measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation for therapy. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68, 414-435.

Markland, D. A., & Hardy, L. (1997). On the factorial and construct validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: Conceptual and operational concerns. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 20-32.

Mullan, E.., Markland, D. A., & Ingledew, D. K. (1997). A graded conceptualisation of self-determination in the regulation of exercise behaviour: Development of a measure using confirmatory factor analytic procedures. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 745-752.

Mullan, E., & Markland, D. A. (1997). Variations in self-determination across the stages of change for exercise in adults. Motivation and Emotion, 21, 349-362.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., , & Meek, G. A. (1997). A self-determination theory approach to the study of intentions and the intention-behaviour relationship in children's physical activity.. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2, 343-360.

Ryan, R. M., Frederick, C., Lepes, D., Rubio, N., & Sheldon, K. M. (1997). Intrinsic motivation and exercise adherence. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 28, 335-354.

Reeve, J., & Deci, E. L. (1996). Elements within the competitive situation that affect intrinsic motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 24-33.

Frederick, C., Morrison, C., & Manning, T. (1996). Motivation to participate, exercise affect, and outcome behaviors toward physical activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82, 691-701.

Chantal, Y., Guay, F., Dobreva-Martinova, T., & Vallerand, R. J. (1996). Motivation and elite performance: An exploratory investigation with Bulgarian athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27, 173-182.

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Ryan, R. M., Plant, R. W., & O'Malley, S. (1995). Initial motivations for alcohol treatment: Relations with patient characteristics, treatment involvement and dropout. Addictive Behaviors, 20, 279-297.

Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Brière, N. M., & Provencher, P. J. (1995). Competitive and recreational sport structures and gender: A test of their relationship with sport motivation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, 24-39.

Goudas, M., Biddle, S. J. H., & Underwood, M. (1995). A prospective study of the relationships between motivational orientations and perceived competence with intrinsic motivation and achievement in a teacher education course. Educational Psychology, 15, 89-96.

Goudas, M., , & Fox, K. (1994). Perceived locus of causality, goal orientations, and perceived competence in school physical education classes. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 453-463.

Vallerand, R. J., & Losier, G. F. (1994). Self-determined motivation and sportsmanship orientations: An assessment of their temporal relationship. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 229-245.

Losier, G. F., & Vallerand, R. J. (1994). The temporal relationship between perceived competence and self-determined motivation. Journal of Social Psychology, 134, 793-801.

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Vallerand, R. J., & Reid, G. (1984). On the causal effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation: A test of cognitive evaluation theory. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 94-102.

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Chapters, Overviews, and Commentaries

Segar, M. L., Guérin, E., Phillips, E., & Fortier, M. S. (2016). From vital sign to vitality: Selling exercise so patients want to buy it. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1(11), 97-102. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000015

Vallerand, R. J., & Gillet, N. (2016). Les effets de la motivation sur la performance sportive au regard de la théorie de l’autodétermination. Psychologie Française, 61(4), 257-271. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001

Lubans, D. R., Smith, J. J., Peralta, L. R., Plotnikoff, R. C, et al., & Lonsdale, C. (2016). A school-based intervention incorporating smartphone technology to improve health-related fitness among adolescents: rationale and study protocol for the NEAT and ATLAS 2.0 cluster randomised controlled trial and dissemination study. BMJ Open, 6(6), e010448. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010448

Lonsdale, C., Sanders, T., Cohen, K. E., Parker, P., Noetel, M., Hartwig, T., ..., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Scaling-up an efficacious school-based physical activity intervention: Study protocol for the ‘Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers support Activity in Youth’(iPLAY) cluster randomized controlled trial and scale-up implementation evaluation. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 873. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3243-2.

Mahoney, J. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Gordon, S., & Ntoumanis, N. (2016). Training a coach to be autonomy‐supportive: An avenue for nurturing mental toughness. In S. Cotterill, N. Weston, and G. Breslin (Eds.), Sport and exercise psychology: Practitioner case studies (pp. 193-214). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Quested, E. (2016). Antecedents of need supportive and controlling interpersonal styles from a self-determination theory perspective: A review and implications for sport psychology research. In Raab, M., Wylleman, P., Seiler, R., Elbe, A.M., and Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: From Theory to Practice (pp. 144-180). London, UK: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803634-1.00007-8

Uysal, A., & Yildirim, I. G (2016). Self-determination theory in digital games. In B. Bostan (Ed.), Gamer psychology and behavior (pp. 123-135). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319299037

Ntoumanis, N., & Mallet, C. (2015). Motivation in sport: A self-determination theory perspective. In Papaioannou, A. & Hackfort, D., Routledge Companion to Sport and Exercise Psychology: Global perspectives and fundamental concepts (pp. 67-82). : Taylor and Francis.

Segar, M. L. (2015). No Sweat: How the Simple Science of Motivation Can Bring You a Lifetime of Fitness. New York: AMACOM.

Segar, M. L. (2015). The right why: The surprising start to cultivating sustainable behavior change. Journal of the American Society on Aging, 39(1), 15-19.

Segar, M. L., & Richardson, C. R. (2014). Prescribing pleasure and meaning: Cultivating walking motivation and maintenance. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 838-841. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.001

Spence, G. B., & Deci, E. L. (2013). Self-determination theory within coaching contexts: Supporting motives and goals that promote well-being and effective performance. In Clutterbuck, D. Megginson, & S. David (Eds.), Beyond Goals: Effective Strategies for Coaching and Mentoring (pp. 85-108). London: Gower Publishing.

Strachan, Shaelyn M., Fortier, M. S., Perras, Melanie G. M., & Lugg, Carrie (2013). Understanding variations in exercise-dentity strength through identity theory and self-determination theory. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 273-285. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.749005

Guerin, Eva, Fortier, M. S., & Sweet, Shane N. (2013). An experience sampling study of physical activity and positive affect: investigating the role of situational motivation and perceived intensity across time. Health Psychology Research, 1, 100-110. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e21

Sweet, Shane N., Fortier, M. S., Strachan, Shaelyn M., & Blanchard, Chris M. (2012). Testing and integrating self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory in a physical activity context. Canadian Psychololgy, 53, 319-327. doi: 10.1037/a0030280

Guerin, Eva, Bales, Elena, Sweet, Shane N., & Fortier, M. S. (2012). A meta-analysis of the influence of gender on self-determination theory's motivational regulations for physical activity. Canadian Psychology, 53, 291-300. doi: 10.1037/a0030215

Ntoumanis, N. (2012). A self-determination theory perspective on motivation in sport and physical education: Current trends and possible future research directions. In G.C. Roberts and D. C. Treasure, Advances in Motivation in sport and exercise: Volume 3 (pp. 91-128). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Fortier, M. S., Duda, J. L., Guerin, E., & Teixeira, P. J. (2012). Promoting physical activity: Development and testing of self-determination theory-based interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 1-14.

Carter, J. A. (2011). Changing light bulbs: Practice, motivation, and autonomy. The Counseling Psychologist, 39, 261– 266.

Fortier, M. S., Wiseman, Elizabeth, Sweet, Shane N., O'Sullivan, Tracey L., Blanchard, Chris M., Sigal, Ronald J., & Hogg, William (2011). A moderated mediation of motivation on physical activity in the context of the physical activity counseling randomized control trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 71-78. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.001

Tee, J., & Kazantzis, N. (2011). Collaborative empiricism in cognitive therapy: A definition and theory for the relationship construct. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 18, 47-61.

Overholser, J. C. (2011). Collaborative empiricism, guided discovery, and the Socratic method: Core processes for effective cognitive therapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 18, 62–66.

Pearson, E. S. (2011). The ‘how-to’ of health behaviour change brought to life: A theoretical analysis of the Co-Active coaching model and its underpinnings in self-determination theory. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 4, 89-103.

Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Glued to games: How video games draw us in and hold us spellbound. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Smith, L. (2011). Self determination theory and potential applications to alcohol and drug abuse behaviors. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 55, 3-7.

Bachman, C. M., & Stewart, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and web-enhanced course template development. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 180-188.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and the darker side of athletic experience: The role of interpersonal control and need thwarting. Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 23-27.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2010). Psychological needs and the prediction of exercise-related cognitions and affect among an ethnically diverse cohort of adult women.. International Journal of Sport and Exercise, 8, 446-463.

Groshkova, T. (2010). Motivation in substance misuse treatment. Addiction Research and Theory, 18, 494-510.

Lightheart, V. L., Wilson, P. M., & Oster, K. (2010). Strength versus balance: The contributions of two different models of psychological need satisfaction to well-being in adapted sport athletes. In I. E. Wells (Ed.), Psychological well-being (pp. 157-170). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Vlachopoulos, S., Ntoumanis, N., & Smith, A. L. (2010). Psychological needs in exercise scale: Translation and evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 394-412.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., Garcia Bengoechea, E., Bin, X., Cheung, S., & Sylvester, B. D. (2010). Understanding sport friendships in adapted sport athletes: Does fulfilling basic psychological needs matter?. In B. D. Geranto (Ed.), Sport psychology (pp. 113-130). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The controlling interpersonal style in a coaching context: Development and initial validation of a psychometric scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(2), 193-216. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

Dimmock, J., & Banting, L. K. (2009). The influence of implicit cognitive processes on physical activity: How the theory of planned behaviour and self-determination theory can provide a platform for our understanding. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 3-22.

Ryan, R. M., Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. L. (2009). Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 6, 107-124.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2009). Helping your clients and patients take ownership over their exercise: Fostering exercise adoption, adherence and associated well-being. ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal, 13, 20-25.

Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24, 29-48.

Wilson, P. M., Gregson, J. P., & Mack, D. E. (2009). The importance of interpersonal style in competitive sport: A self-determination theory approach. In C. H. Chang (Ed.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 259-276). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2009). Virtual worlds and the learner hero: How today's video games can inform tomorrow's digital learning environments. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 214-223.

Ntoumanis, N., & Standage, M. (2009). Motivation in physical education classes: A self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Research in Education, 7, 194-202.

Bartholomew, K., Ntoumanis, N., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). A review of controlling motivational strategies from a self-determination theory perspective: Implications for sports coaches. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 215-233.

Duda, J. L., & Treasure, D. (2009). Motivational processes and the facilitation of quality engagement in sport. In J. M. Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychologyMountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Abbott, P. (2008). Another step towards understanding recovery?. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 14, 366-368.

Neighbors, C., Walker, D. D., Roffman, R. A., Bmilinyi, L. F., & Edleson, J. L. (2008). Self determination theory and motivational interviewing: Complementary models to elicit voluntary engagement by partner-abusive men. American Journal of Family Therapy, 36, 126-136.

Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Grattan, K. P. (2008). Understanding motivation for exercise: A self-determination theory perspective. Canadian Psychology, 49, 250-256.

Gurland, S. T., & Grolnick, W. S. (2008). Building rapport with children: Effects of adults’ expected, actual, and perceived behavior. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 226-253.

Mancini,, A. D. (2008). Self-determination theory: A framework for the recovery paradigm. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment., 14, 358-365.

Silva, M. N., Teixeira, P. J., Markland, D. A., Minderico, C. S., Vieira, P. N., Castro, M. M., Coutinho, S.S., Santos, T. C., Matos. M.G., & Sardinha, L. B. (2008). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: Rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health, 8, 234-247.

, Treasure, D. C., & Wang, C. K. J. (2008). Motivational characteristics. In A. L. Smith & S. J. H. Biddle (Eds.), Youth physical activity and sedentary behavior: Challenges and solutions (pp. 193-213). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Wang, C.K.J., & (2007). Understanding young people’s motivation toward exercise: An integration of sport ability beliefs, achievement goal theory, and self-determination theory. In M.S. Hagger & N.L.D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 193-208). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics..

Duda, J. L., & Balaguer, I. (2007). The coach-created motivational climate. In S. Jowett & D. Lavalee (Eds.), Social Psychology of Sport (pp. 117-130). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). The trans-contextual model of motivation. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 53-70). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). Advances in self-determination theory research in sport and exercise (editorial). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 597-599.

Conroy, D. E., & Coatsworth, J. D. (2007). Competence motivation in sport and exercise: The hierarchical model of achievement motivation and self-determination theory. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 181-192). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Edmunds, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Duda, J. L. (2007). Perceived autonomy support and psychological need satisfaction as key psychological constructs in the exercise domain. In M. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 35-51). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Ntoumanis, N., Vazou, S., Spiridoula,, & Duda, J. L. (2007). Peer-created motivational climate. In S. Jowette & D. Lavallee (Eds.), Social psychology in sport (pp. 145-156). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Neighbors, C., Lewis, M. A., Fossos, N., & Grossbard, J. R. (2007). Motivation and risk behaviors: A self-determination perspective. In L. V. Brown (Ed.), Psychology of motivation (pp. 99-113). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Patterson, P. G., & Joseph, S. (2007). Person-centered personality theory: Support from self-determination theory and positive psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 47, 117- 139.

Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., & Lens, W. (2007). Intrinsic versus extrinsic goal promotion in sport and exercise: Understanding their differential impact on performance and persistence. In M. S. Hagger and N. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-Determination Theory in exercise and sport (pp. 167-180). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Lynch, M. F., & Levers, L. L. (2007). Ecological-transactional and motivational perspectives in counseling. In J. Gregoire &, C. Jungers(Eds.), The counselor's companion: What every beginning counselor needs to know (pp. 586-605). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

, Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., & Lippke, S. (2007). Theoretical frameworks in exercise psychology. In G. Tenenbaum & R. C. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology (pp. 537-559). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Sarrazin, P., Boiché, J., & Pelletier, L. G. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to dropout in athletes. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 229-242). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Pelletier, L. G., & Sarrazin, P. (2007). Measurement issues in self-determination theory and sport. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport (pp. 143-152). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Treasure, D. C., Lemyre, N., Kuczka, K. K., & Standage, M. (2007). Motivation in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. In M. S. Hagger &, N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination theory in exercise and sport (pp. 153-165). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Loney, T., & Standage, M. (2007). A motivational and evolutionary perspective of the self in exercise and health. In J. A. Munoz-Yunta (Ed.), Advances in psychology research (Vol 50, pp. 100-150). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Standage, M., Gillison, F, & Treasure, D.C.  (2007). Self-determination and motivation in physical education. In M. S. Hagger & N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination theory in exercise and sport (pp. 71-85). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Markland, D. A., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2007). A self-determination theory approach to understanding motivational interviewing and promoting regular physical activity. In M. S. Hagger and N. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-Determination Theory in exercise and sport (pp. 87-100). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Jones, R., & Standage, M. (2006). Leadership in the coaching process: Whose decisions really matter?. In R. Jones (Ed.), Re-conceptualising the coaching role and how to teach it: New ways of thinking about practice (pp. 65-76). Hove, England: Routledge.

Markland, D., Ryan, R. M., Tobin, V. J., & Rollnick, S. (2005). Motivational interviewing and self-determination theory. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24, 811-831.

Standage, M., & Duda, J. L. (2004). Motivational processes among older adults in sport and exercise settings. In M.R. Weiss (Ed.), Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective (pp. 357-381). Morgantown, WV: Fit Press.

Frederick, C., & Morris, T. (2004). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport and exercise. In T. Morris & J. Summers (Eds.), Sport psychology: Theory, applications and issues, 2nd ed. (pp. 121-151). Milton, Australia: John Wiley & Sons Australia.

Sheldon, K. M., Williams, G. C., & Joiner, T. (2003). Self-determination theory in the clinic: Motivating physical and mental health. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Joiner, T. E., Sheldon, K. M., Williams, G. C., & Pettit, J. (2003). The integration of self-determination principles and scientifically informed treatments is the next tier. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 318-319.

Sheldon, K. M., Joiner, T. E., Pettit, J. W., & Williams, G. C. (2003). Reconciling humanistic ideals and scientific clinical practice. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 302-315.

Frederick, C. (2002). Self-determination theory and participation motivation research in the sport and exercise domain. In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp. 277-294). Rochester, NY: University Of Rochester Press.

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